Core training to reduce the performance gap between abled and disabled athletes in the canoe discipline
Paracanoe is a sport similar to the Olympic one in terms of rules and equipment, albeit with some differences. The problem concerns the performance gap between able-bodied athletes and the performance of KL3 athletes, attributable to the difficulty in controlling the trunk of the latter due to the weak contact between the lower limbs and the platform. The goal is to verify if, by carrying out core training sessions that aim to improve the stability, power and strength of the trunk in KL3 athletes, it is possible to reduce the performance gap between the two categories of athletes. The champion is made up of 16 athletes who have participated in regional canoe and Paracanoe competitions: champion A is made up of 8 non-disabled male athletes aged 23 to 25, while champion B is made up of 8 male athletes, between 23 and 25 years, with functional classification KL3. Both groups performed the 200m flat-water canoe sprint race before and after 6 weeks, during which time group B performed core-training exercises 3 times a week. The independent sample T test was used as a statistical tool. The result is statistically significant (p < .05) at entry, while after 6 weeks of training, the result is not statistically significant (p > .05). With the use of stabilizing guesswork and core training, it is possible to narrow the gap and encourage sports inclusion.
Altavilla, G. (2020). Energetic cost in the different running conditions in team sport for the educational teaching method, Sport Science, 14 (1), pp. 17-20.
Altavilla, G. & Tafuri, Domenico & Raiola, Gaetano. (2014). Influence of sports on the control of static balance in physical education at school. Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 14. 351-354. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2014.03053
Astorino, T., Baker, J., Brock, S., Dalleck, L., Goulet, E., Gotshall, R., ... & Zhou, B. (2016). Dermatoglyphic profile and hand grip strength of the finalists athletes in the Brazilian paracanoe championship. Journal of Exercise Physiology online, 19(1).
Brown, M. B. (2009). Biomechanical analysis of flatwater sprint kayaking (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southampton; University of Chichester).
Cascone, C., De Cesare, G.R., D'Elia, F. (2020). Physical education teacher training for disability, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15, pp. S634-S644. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2020.15.Proc3.16
Cataldi, S., Francavilla, V.C., Bonavolontà, V., De Florio, O., Carvutto, R., De Candia, M., Latino, F., Fischetti, F. (2021). Proposal for a fitness program in the school setting during the covid 19 pandemic: Effects of an 8-week crossfit program on psychophysical well-being in healthy adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (6), art. no. 3141, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063141
D'Elia, F. (2020). Teachers' perspectives about contents and learning aim of physical education in Italian primary school, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15 (Proc2), pp. S279-S288. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2020.15.Proc2.19
D'Elia, D., Domenico, F.D., Isanto, T.D., Altavilla, G., Raiola, G. (2020) From biomechanics to motor learning, Acta Medica Mediterranea, 36 (5), pp. 3073-3078.
D'Isanto, T., D'Elia, F., Raiola, G., Altavilla, G. (2019) Assessment of sport performance: Theoretical aspects and practical indications. Sport Mont, 17 (1),79-82. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.190214
D'Isanto, T. (2016). Pedagogical value of the body and physical activity in childhood, Sport Science, 9, pp. 13-18.
D'Isanto, T. (2020). Sports skills in sitting volleyball between disabled and non-disabled people, Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20 (3), art. no. 194, pp. 1408-1414.
Di Palma, D., Raiola, G., Tafuri, D. (2017). The strategic contribution of sport to the management of diversity, Sport Science, 10 (1), pp. 40-43.
Edwards, J., Bjerkefors, A., Rosen, J., & Tarassova, O. (2019). Paracanoe. Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science: Canoeing, 106-115. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119097198.ch9
Ellis, S., Callaway, A., & Dyer, B. (2018). The influence of lower-limb prostheses technology on Paracanoeing time-trial performance. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 13(6), 568-574. https://doi.org/10.1080/17483107.2017.1357052
Gaetano, R., Lipoma, M., Tafuri, D. (2015). Postural control in young soccer players: Differences between the cognitive approach and ecological-dynamic one Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2015.10.Proc1.29
Hamacher, D., Krebs, T., Meyer, G., & Zech, A. (2018). Does local dynamic stability of kayak paddling technique affect the sports performance? A pilot study. European journal of sport science, 18(4), 491-496. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2018.1435726
Izzo, R., Raiola, G., D'isanto, T., Cejudo, A., Giovanelli, G.M. (2020). Modelling an adequate profile for a more targeted work methodology, with dedicated technologies, for elite-level footballers: Comparison between sub 17 vs sub 19, highlights and shadows, Sport Science, 13 (1), pp. 36-42.
Magnanini, A. (2016). Inclusive sport possibilities: educational study on Paracanoe. Uluslararası Güncel Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 2(1), 170-177.
Martino, L., Fonzo, E., Peluso Cassese, F., D'Isanto, T. (2019). Principles of adaptation of the rules for disabled athletes for an inclusion sport. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise. 14. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc2.08
Pisapia, F., D'Isanto, T. (2018). Inclusive methods of adaptive training in sprints: A theoretical preliminary study, Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18, art. no. 316, pp. 2101-210.
Raiola, G. (2020a). The Movement and Sport Science in Italy towards the European Research Council, Physical Culture and Sport, Studies and Research, 86 (1), pp. 37-48. https://doi.org/10.2478/pcssr-2020-0011
Raiola, G. (2020b). Proposal of rearrangement of physical training and sport sciences methodology academic disciplines in Italian university body. Sport Science, 14 (1): 43-47.
Raiola, G., D'elia, F., Altavilla, G. (2018). Physical activity and sports sciences between European Research Council and academic disciplines in Italy, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 13, pp. S283-S295. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2018.13.Proc2.13
Raiola, G., Domenico, F.D., Isanto, T.D., Altavilla, G., Elia, F.D. (2020). Biomechanics core, Acta Medica Mediterranea, 36 (5), pp. 3079-3083.
Raiola, G. (2015a) Inclusion in sport dance and self perception, Sport Science, 8, pp. 99-102.
Raiola, G. (2015b) Sport skills and mental health, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10 (Specialissue), pp. S369-S376. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2015.10.Proc1.27
Raiola, G. (2019) Comparison of exercise and sport sciences epistemology between european research council structure panel and Italian academic system, Sport Science, 12, pp. 112-120.
Raiola, G. (2017)Motor learning and teaching method, Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17, art. no. 236, pp. 2239-2243.
Sannicandro, I. (2017). Effects of strength and core stability training versus strength and aerobic training in subjects aged over 65, Medicina dello Sport, 70 (4), pp. 410-418.
Starczewski, M., & Molik, B. (2014). Selected anaerobic capacity parameters regard to paracanoe functional classification. Postepy Rehabilitacji, 28(1), 31. https://doi.org/10.2478/rehab-2014-0031
Tafuri, D., Di Palma, D., Raiola, G. (2017). The role of the diversity manager for valuing diversity in sport, Sport Science, 10 (1), pp. 70-74.
Tornberg, Å., Håkansson, P., Svensson, I., & Wollmer, P. (2018). Pulling Forces at the Foot-Rest Influences Power Output Performance on a Kayak-Ergometer. European Journal of Sports & Exercise Science, 6(3), 112-118.
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.