Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Students’ physical and mental disorders: How to avoid victim behavior through exercise and sport

Nadezhda Yu Kostyunina, Liliia A. Latypova, Natalya N. Kalatskaya, Marinela I. Grudeva



The object of this paper is to study the negative impact of Internet sites on the psyche of young people, to identify the facts of unsafe use of the Internet by students leading to the development of cyber addiction and victim behavior. The article is aimed at studying the propensity for victim behavior among University students in Russia and Bulgaria and developing recommendations to shape the information security of students on the Internet in order to help reduce victim behavior. The methods of the research are: theoretical (study and analysis of psychological, pedagogical, and methodological literature on the research problem; analysis, synthesis, and generalization of empirical data; causal analysis of pedagogical experience data); empirical (questionnaire, testing, survey); methods of qualitative interpretation and data processing. The authors outlined three stages of creating a safe educational environment to prevent and correct victim behavior of students on the Internet - organizational, practical, and generalizing. The results of the research show that serious, systematic, substantial preventive and corrective work is needed to reduce student victimization, cyber addiction, and the formation of information security for students on the Internet. Teaching students to carefully perceive and critically evaluate information is one of the possible ways to create safe behavior on the Web, since ignorance of the rules of work and communication leads to rash, risky, frivolous actions on the Internet. The outlined in the research three stages of creating a safe educational environment can be used by university teachers, educational psychologists, psychologists of the rehabilitation centers and psychological and pedagogical assistance centers for prevention and correction victim behavior of students on the Internet. The data obtained and their analysis help identify students with an increased victimization background and predict their personal development, organization of prevention processes and correction of victim student behavior in the Internet. The results can be useful when developing programs for safe use of content and online sites by adolescents and youth.


Practices; Sports; Physical disorders; Mental disorders; Internet threats; Information security; Prohibited information; Victim behavior on the internet; Internet addiction


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