Intermittent training: The benefits in football


  • Erik Russo University of Salerno, Italy
  • Gabriele Russo University of Salerno, Italy
  • Gabriele Signorini University of Milan, Italy
  • Giovanno Esposito University of Salerno, Italy



Testing, Sport performance, Young player


The aim of this study is to verify the effectiveness of an intermittent training methodology in groups of boys belonging to the "Giovanissimi" category of 9-a-side football. The sample is made up of 10 athletes aged 14-15. The sporting season was divided following phases, that is, starting from a preparatory phase and then arriving at the competitive phase, the agonistic one. For the evaluation of the qualitative and quantitative data, each athlete was subjected to anthropometric tests (height, weight, BMI) and spinal flexibility tests both at entry and exit; for the evaluation of endurance, strength, speed, speed and agility the following tests were used: yo-yo Test, Sargent test, T-Test Agility, M test (20m adapted), Speed test 5m, 10m and 20mThrough the statistical model of the t-test for dependent samples, the effectiveness of the method used is evident. The data reveals significant increases for yo-yo Test, Sargent test, M (20m) test, T-Test agility. For the other tests carried out at the exit, there are no significant increases, because they are short-distance tests that show little increase, as the rapidity and speed, in this period of the developmental age, do not produce improvements for the morpho-functional adaptations specific. It has been shown how young boys, sedentary or moderately trained, can obtain benefits thanks to the proposed training, following an adequate programming and planning of training sessions according to their needs.


Download data is not yet available.


Altavilla, G. (2020) Energetic cost in the different running conditions in team sport for the educational teaching method, Sport Science, 14 (1), pp. 17-20.

Altavilla, G., Riela, L., Di Tore, A.P., Raiola, G. (2017) The physical effort required from professional football players in different playing positions. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17 (3), art. no. 200, pp. 2007-2012.

Associazione Italiana Arbitri (2011). Il regolamento del Giuoco del Calcio. Associazione Italiana Arbitri, Roma.

Battisti, E., (2018). Giovanissimi e allievi. La metodologia di allenamento. Principi ed esercitazioni per formare il calciatore. Milano: Correre.

Calandro, A., Esposito, G., & Altavilla, G. (2020). Intermittent training and improvement of anthropometric parameters and aerobic capacity in youth football. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise; 15(Proc3), S509-2608.

Ceruso, R., Esposito, G., & D'Elia, F. (2019). Coordination attached to the qualitative aspects of football. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19, 1773-1776.

Ceruso, R., Altavilla, G., & D'Elia, F. (2020). Evaluation of the coordinative aspects attached to the foundations of the football of the young player. Sport Science, 13(1), 90-94.

D'Elia F, D'Andrea D, Esposito G, Altavilla G, Raiola G (2021a). Increase the Performance Level of Young Basketball Players through the Use of High Intensity Interval Training. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, vol. 9, p. 445-450, ISSN: 2381-4403.

D'Elia F, Esposito G, D'Isanto T, Altavilla G, Raiola G (2021b). Impact of the racket on mobility performance in wheelchair tennis. Sportske Nauke I Zdravlje, vol. 11, p. 11-15, ISSN: 2232-822X.

D'Elia, F., Tortella, P., Sannicandro, I., & D'Isanto, T. (2020c). Design and teaching of physical education for children and youth. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise; 15(Proc4), S1527-S1533.

De Rossi, Y., (2018). Caos, Sistemi e Frattali. Gestire la complessità del calcio attraverso la Periodizzazione Tattica. Roma: Youcanprint.

Domenico, F.D., Sannicandro, I., Altavilla, G. (2020) The educational value of the rules in five-a-side football, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15, pp. S645-S655.

Esposito, G., Ceruso, R., Valentini, M., & D'Isanto, T. (2019). The use of enabling tests to provide a qualitative measurement of the sport skill level of small soccer players. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise; 14 (Proc4), S592-SS601.

Esposito, G., D'Elia, F., & Raiola, G. (2020). A method to promote the Development of intelligence and game skills in youth football. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 20(3), 142-148.

Federazione Italiana Gioco Calcio (2008). Guide tecnica per le scuole di calcio.- Settore giovanile e scolastico, Roma.

Ferrante, C. (2015). L'allenamento strutturato nel gioco del calcio e negli sport di squadra. Mantova: Universitas Studiorum.

Ferretti, F., Arcelli, A., Bisciotti, G.N., Castellini, E., Concedo, P., Gatteschi, L., Rampinini, E., Roi, G.S., Sannicandro, I., (2011). L'allenamento fisico nel calcio, concetti e principi metodologici. Milano: Editoriale Sport Italia.

Gaetano, A., Giovanni, E., & Mario, L. (2021). Application of methodology to reduce the performance of non-disabled athletes. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 21, 681-685.

Giovanni, E., Francesca, D., Gaetano, R. (2020)A method to promote the Development of intelligence and game skills in youth football, Teoria ta Metodika Fizicnogo Vihovanna, 20 (3), pp. 142-148.

Izzo, R., Altavilla, G., Cejudo, A., Raiola, G., D'Isanto, T., Giovannelli, M. (2020a)Performance improvement in yo-yo intermittent recovery test Level 2 and during official matches: The role of speed endurance training production in Élite football players, Sport Mont, 18 (3), pp. 61-66.

Izzo, R., D'isanto, T., Raiola, G., Cejudo, A., Ponsano, N., & Varde'i, C. H. (2020b). The role of fatigue in football matches, performance model analysis and evaluation during quarters using live global positioning system technology at 50hz. Sport Science, 13(1), 30-35.

Millefanti, A., Trecroci, A., Bianchi M., (2016). Il precampionato dei giovani: cosa fare con Allievi, Giovanissimi ed Esordienti. Milano: Editoriale Sport Italia.

Nelson, D.L., Cox M.M., (2011). Introduzione alla biochimica di Lehninger. Bologna: Zanichelli editore S.p.A.

Raiola, G., & Altavilla, G. (2020). Testing motor skills, general and special coordinative, in young soccer. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise; 15(Proc2); S206-S212.

Raiola, G., Aliberti, S., Esposito, G., Altavilla, G., D'Isanto, T., & D'Elia, F. (2020). How has the practice of physical activity changed during the covid-19 quarantine? a preliminary survey. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 20(4), 242-247.

Raiola, G., Esposito, G., Sgrò, F. (2020) The formative value of soccer rules. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15, pp. S656-S663.

Raiola, G., & Di Domenico, F. (2021). Physical and sports activity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 21, 477-482.

Ruggiero, U. (2018). Allenare giocando. "So come giochi". Napoli: Capripress.

Spattini, M., (2016). Alimentazione e integrazione: per lo sport e la performance fisica. Milano: Edizioni LSWR.

Tossani, M. (2009). Un nuovo metodo. La periodizzazione tattica. Bozzano:


Statistics RUA



How to Cite

Russo, E., Russo, G., Signorini, G., & Esposito, G. (2021). Intermittent training: The benefits in football. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 16(4proc), S2014-S2022.