Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Pencak silat combat match: Time motion analysis in elite athletes championship

Nur Subekti, Rony Syaifullah, Muhad Fatoni, Agam Akhmad Syaukani, Anugrah Nur Warthadi, Annas Rais Arni-Rayhan



Pencak silat is a martial art characterized by full body contact fighting. Its physical demand during official games has so far received little scientific attention. For this reason, the purpose of this study is to investigate the physical intensity based on the time structure during elite pencak silat competition. The classification of intensity in this study namely high intensity activities (HIA), low intensity activities (LIA), and off position (OP). A total of 45 fights from 3 elite competitions were used as samples. Using a time-motion analysis system, all movements relative to the match time were recorded during the fight. Data were obtained by comparing the fights among weight divisions and match rounds. The results showed that activities' intensity relative to match time structure were 2.6 ± 0.6 s for HIA; 11.3 ± 1.8 s for LIA and 8.4 ± 3.6 for OP. In addition, the ratio between combat and non-fight times is 0.1 ± 0.0. Meanwhile, the duration of HIA and LIA in all weight divisions tends to subsequently increase from round 1 to 3. The difference was found on the duration of OP. Unlike other weight divisions, the duration of OP in the lightweight division tended to decrease over the match rounds. This finding confirms that pencak silat characteristics are intermittent. These results can be useful for trainers aiming to develop training programs to better adapt with the physical demand of the match.


Pencak silat; Time-motion analysis; Elite athlete


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