Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Sports in life of students with disabilities: Individual trajectories of physical abilities development

Klavdiya G. Erdyneeva, Svetlana Y. Schetinina, Alexandr L. Makarov, Natalia L. Sokolova, Tatyana M. Rozhnova, Julia A. Krokhina

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2021.16.Proc4.45

Abstract

The socio-economic transformations taking place in Russia have affected all segments of the population, including students with disabilities. Improving living conditions for the disabled, as one of the most vulnerable members of the population in social terms, is one of the priorities. One of the main ways to socialize students with disabilities in modern society is to involve them in sports activities. This article is devoted to identifying the features of sports’ influence on the social adaptation of students with disabilities. As a research method, authors used a questionnaire survey as a method of collecting primary information, which allowed them to identify the features of individual trajectories in sports for students with disabilities. The article describes the attitude of students with disabilities to individual sports trajectories. The methods of social adaptation of students with disabilities by involving them in sports are revealed. It is proved that the main tools for involving students with disabilities in sports are state programs and rehabilitation organizations. For the first time, it was determined that the majority of disabled students did not engage in sports for a long time. It is proved that the lack of involvement of students with disabilities in sports life is due, from their point of view to a number of reasons: their lack of awareness of existing sports organizations and sections; poor equipment of existing halls and their poor attendance by other people; underdevelopment of the system of sports institutions for the disabled. For the first time, it was revealed that the main idea in the issue of innovation in relation to the involvement of students with disabilities in sports life was the creation of sports clubs and sports events, as well as the active involvement of disabled people in sports activities. The problems of introducing individual trajectories for the development of physical abilities of students with disabilities are considered. It is shown that the main problem is the lack of funding for adaptive sports and events for students with disabilities.


Keywords

Students; Sports; Sports directions

References

Abulkhanova-Slavskaya, K.A. (1991). Strategy of life. Moscow: "Mysl".

Abulkhanova-Slavskaya, K.A. (1994). Social thinking of the individual: research problems and strategies. "Psychological Journal", 4, 35-43.

Bodalev, A.A., Ganzhin, G.T. & Derkach, A.A. (2000). Man and civilization in the mirror of Acmeology. Health as a structure-forming construct of the spiritual sphere of humanity and a condition of human creativity. The World of Psychology, 1(21), 89-108.

Bratus, B.S. (1988). Anomalies of personality. Moscow: "Mysl".

Budaeva, G.S. (2005). Social adaptation of disabled people with the defeat of the musculoskeletal system in modern Russian society: on the materials of the Republic of Buryatia: abstract of PhD Thesis. Ulan-Ude: Buryat State University.

Cherdymova, E.I. (2010). Information and communication technologies in professional pedagogical self-improvement of students in the context of environmental education. Education and self-development, 3(19), 27-32.

Cherdymova, E.I., Lipen, S.V., Kornev, A.V., Ovchinnikova, L.I., Ovchinnikov, A.A., Stolyarova, A.N., Tyutyunnik, I.G. & Vilskaya, N.V. (2019). Explanation of donation: advantages and downsides. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 2, 475-481.

Dombrovskaya, A.Yu. (2013). Factors of social adaptation of disabled people in Russia. Proceedings of the Tula State University, 3, 190-200.

Gazizov, R.A., Muryasov, R.Z., Savelyeva, L.A., Zheltukhina, M.R. & Vashetina, O.V. (2020). Uncovering functional potential of particles in Russian, German, English in fiction. XLinguae, 13(2), 114-132. https://doi.org/10.18355/XL.2020.13.02.09

Golubeva, N.M. (2004). Theoretical approaches to the problem of student adaptation. Culture-art-education: new searches and results in theory and practice. Chelyabinsk: South Ural State University.

Kavokin, S.N. (2002). Social management of the process of disabled people's complex rehabilitation: author abstract of Doctoral Dissertation. Moscow: Moscow State Social University.

Kholostova, E.I. & Dementieva, N.F. (2003). Social rehabilitation. Moscow: Publishing house "Dashkov i K".

Kovalev, V.V. (1995). Semiotics and diagnostics of mental diseases in children and adolescents. Moscow: Meditsina.

Maksimova, Z.S. (2002). Formation of a humanistic attitude to a person with limited development opportunities: abstract of the PhD Thesis. Yakutsk.

Malofeev, H.H. (2003). Western Europe: the evolution of the attitude of society and the state to persons with developmental disabilities. Moscow: Exam.

Nalchajyan, A.A. (2010). Psychological adaptation. Moscow: Eksmo.

Putilina, E.S., Cherdymova, E.I., Kurbanov, R.A., Belyalova, A.M., Shatskaya, I.I., Kobzeva, E.I., Zhuravleva, M.V. & Meleshko, G.S. (2019). Ecological relationships in real and virtual environments: contact points. Eurasian journal of biosciences Eurasia. Journal of Biosciences, 13, 1475-1480.

Room, M.V. (2002). Adaptation of the personality in society: theoretical and methodological aspect. Novosibirsk: Nauka.

Rozin, V.M. (2000). Health as a philosophical and socio-psychological problem. The World of Psychology, 1(21), 12-30.

Smirnov, S.V. (2009). Transformation of the legislative base in the sphere of social support of disabled people of the Russian Federation in the context of international norms. Moscow: Exlibris-Press.

Tishchenko, P.D. (2000). Genomics, health and biotechnological anthropogenesis. The World of Psychology, 1(21), 31 -54.

Tkachenko, B.C. (2006). Disability as a state of individual maladaptation (socio-functional aspect). Personality, culture, society, 2(30), 318-330.

Vasilyeva, N.V. (2007). Life plans of young disabled people in modern Russia: sociological analysis. Moscow: Publishing house of Moscow university of Humanities.

Vasilyeva, O.S. (1998). Valeo-psychology - actual direction of modern psychology. Psychological Bulletin, 1, 412-419.

Voevodina, E.V. (2012). Social adaptation of students with disabilities to the conditions of higher educational institution: a sociological analysis: abstract of PhD Thesis. Moscow: FSBEI HPE "Russian State University of Tourism and Service".

Voronina, L.N., Vishnevsky, Yu.R., Didkovskaya, Ya.V. & Mineeva, S.I. (2001). Adaptation of first-year students: problems and trends. University administration, 4(19), 65-69.

Vygotsky, L.S. (1995). Problems of defectology. Moscow: Prosveshchenie.

Yanitsky, M.S. (1999). Adaptive process: psychological mechanisms and patterns of dynamics. Training manual. Kemerovo: Kemerovo State University.

Yarskaya-Smirnova, E.R. & Romanov, P.V. (2005). Problem of accessibility of higher education for the disabled: according to the results of a research project. Sociological research, 10, 92-114.

Yudin, B.G. (2000). Health: fact, norm and value. "The World of Psychology". Moscow-Voronezh, 1(21), 54-68.

Yurtaev, N.A. (2003). Types of adaptation strategies in modern Russian society. Actual problems of the development of modern Russian society: collection of articles of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference (pp. 70-76). Penza: Privolzhsky House of Knowledge.

Zagladin, N.V. & Kholodkovsky, K.G. (2004). Globalization and Russia: problems of democratic development. Moscow: Russkoye slovo.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2021.16.Proc4.45





Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.