Teaching method to improve eye-hand coordination in volleyball serve
Keywords:Volleyball serve, Mixed approach, Cooperation, Learning, Relationship
Problem statement. One of the many problems that learning to serve in volleyball may require is an ineffective eye-hand coordination. In the school environment, two approaches are used to train this fundamental: cognitive and dynamic ecological. The objective of the study is to verify if a mixed approach is used, high school students will be able to improve the expectation of the service more than the other two types of approaches most used in schools. Methods. The sample is made up of 45 3rd high school students (average age of 16 years ± 2.99). All students will be divided into three groups of 15 students each: the experimental group will train with a mixed approach; the control group 1 will perform a program based on the ecological-dynamic approach and the control group 2 will train following the logic of the cognitive approach. All the groups performed a manual eye coordination test and a one-way anova was performed to verify the improvements between groups and subsequently the Post Hoc Bonferroni. Results. The result is statistically significant (p < .05). All the groups had an improvement in coordination but, from the post hoc, it is noted that the experimental group had clearly superior improvements to the other two groups. Conclusion. The mixed group proved to be an effective method to improve manual eye coordination in the volleyball serve as the relationship and fun were placed at the centre, which, combined with the practice of the gesture, made the students more motivated to learn.
Adams, J. A. (1971). A closed-loop theory of motor learning. J Mot Behav, 3 (2), 111-149. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222895.1971.10734898
Adams, J. A. (1968). Response feedback and learning. Psychological Bulletin, 70 (6, Pt.1), 486-504. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0026741
Aliberti, S., Ceruso, R., & Lipoma, M. (2021). Modification of the wheelchair sports dance classification system for a fair competition. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 21, 675-680. http://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2021.s1081
Altavilla, G., Furino, F., Marika, D. P., & Raiola, G. (2015). Physical skills, sport learning and socio-affective education. Sport Science, 8 (Suppl. 1), 44-46.
Altavilla, G., Tafuri, D., Raiola, G. (2014). Some aspects on teaching and learning by physical activity. Sport Science, 7 (1), 7-9.
Aquino, M., Marra, F., & Altavilla, G. (2019). Study on the enabling capacity in the individual roles of basic competitive volleyball. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14 (4proc), S1046-S1057. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc4.67
D'Elia F, D'Andrea D, Esposito G, Altavilla G, Raiola G (2021a). Increase the Performance Level of Young Basketball Players through the Use of High Intensity Interval Training. International Journal of Human Movement And Sports Sciences, vol. 9, p. 445-450, ISSN: 2381-4403. https://doi.org/10.13189/saj.2021.090308
D'Elia F, Esposito G, D'Isanto T, Altavilla G, Raiola G (2021b). Impact of the racket on mobility performance in whellchair tennis. . Sportske Nauke i Zdravlje, vol. 11, p. 11-15, ISSN: 2232-822X.
D'Elia, F. (2020). Teachers' perspectives about contents and learning aim of physical education in Italian primary school. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(Proc2): S279-S288. https://doi:10.14198/jhse.2020.15.Proc2.19
D'Elia, F., Sgrò, F., & D'Isanto, T. (2020). The educational value of the rules in volleyball. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15 (3proc), S628-S633. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2020.15.Proc3.15
D'Elia, F., Tortella, P., Sannicandro, I., & D'Isanto, T. (2020). Design and teaching of physical education for children and youth. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(4proc), S1527-S1533. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2020.15.Proc4.48
D'Isanto, T. (2016). Pedagogical value of the body and physical activity in childhood. Sport Science, 9 (Supplement 2), 13-18.
Edelman G M, (1987) Neural Darwinism. The theory of Neuronal group Selection, Basic Books, New York.
Forte, D., D'Isanto, T., Di Domenico, F., & Altavilla, G. (2019). Learning the service drills in novice volleyball athletes. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(5proc), S2419-S2428. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc5.57
Lopez, J. P. (2013). Analysis of the service as a performance factor in high-level volleyball and beach volleyball. Universitat de Vic. Barcelona.
Marra, F., Aquino, M., & Altavilla, G. (2019a). Libero role testing in volleyball as monitoring of physic level drills. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19, 1914 -1919. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2019.s5284
Marra, F., Aquino, M., & Altavilla, G. (2019b). Longitudinal case study of the role of libero in volleyball. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14, S1112-S1121. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc4.75
Ngadiyana, H. (2020). The Effect of Eye-Hand Coordination Training on Accuracy of Service in Volleyball Players. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200219.040
Raiola, G. (2020a) Proposal of rearrangement of physical training and sport sciences methodology academic disciplines in Italian university body, Sport Science, 14 (1), pp. 43-47.
Raiola, G. (2020b) The Movement and Sport Science in Italy towards the European Research Council, Physical Culture and Sport, Studies and Research, 86 (1), pp. 37-48. https://doi.org/10.2478/pcssr-2020-0011
Raiola, G. (2019a). Complex study for an epistemology of Exercise and sport sciences: a) keyconceptsofboth ERC subpanels and CUN keywords; b) Physical training and sport methodology sciences academic disciplines in pedagogy recruitment sector and biomedical one: a correlationships study. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19, 1748-1754.
Raiola, G. (2019b). Survey on exercise and sport sciences in Italy. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14 (4proc), S1163-S1168. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc4.81
Raiola, G. (2012). Didactics and Movement Learning in Documents on Physical Education and Sport in Lower Secondary School in Italy. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 2 (1), 225.
Raiola, G. (2014). Teaching Method in Young Female Team of Volleyball. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 14, 74-78. https://doi.org//10.7752/jpes.2014.01012
Raiola, G., Altavilla, G., Luca, C., & Di Tore, P. (2016a). Analysis on some aspects of the service in volleyball. Sport Science, 9, 74-77.
Raiola, G., & Di Tore, P.A. (2012a). Bodily communication skills and its incidence on female volleyball championship to enhance didactics. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 7(2), 365-375. http://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2012.72.03
Raiola, G., & Di Tore, P. A. (2017). Motor learning in sports science: different theoretical frameworks for different teaching methods, Sport Science, 10, 50 - 56.
Raiola, G., & Di Tore, P. A. (2012b). Non-verbal communication and volleyball: A new way to approach the phenomenon. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 3(2), 347-356. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2012.v3n2.347
Raiola, G., & Di Tore, P.A. (2012c). Statistical study on bodily communication skills in volleyball to improve teaching methods Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 7(2), 468-488. http://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2012.72.12
Raiola, G., & Tafuri, D. (2015). Teaching method of physical education and sports by prescriptive or heuristic learning. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2015.10.Proc1.28
Raiola, G., Tafuri, D., & Gomez Paloma, F. (2014). Physical activity and sport skills and its relation to mind theory on motor control. Sport Science, 7(1), 52-56.
Raiola, G., Tafuri, D., & Lipoma, M. (2016b). Teaching Methods Indications for Education and Training of Sport Skills. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 7. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n2s1p421
Schmidt, R. (2004). Motor Schema Theory after 27 Years: Reflections and Implications for a New Theory. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 74, 366-375. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2003.10609106
Sgro, F., Quinto, A., Platania, F., & Lipoma, M. (2019). Assessing the impact of a physical education project based on games approach on the actual motor competence of primary school children. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19, 781-786.
Wightman, D. C., & Lintern, G. (1985). Part-task training for tracking and manual control. Human Factors, 27 (3), 267-283. https://doi.org/10.1177/001872088502700304
Wise, M. (2002). Serving. En D. Shondell, & C. Reynaud (Eds.). The volleyball coaching bible. Champaign, IL, USA: Human Kinetics.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.