Influence of team success, fixture congestion and playing position on physical performance of elite youth soccer players during an international tournament
Keywords:GPS, Football, Match play, Position, Time motion analysis
The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of team success, fixture congestion and playing position on physical performance of elite youth soccer players during an international tournament. Physical match data was collected from 22 matches for U17 soccer players (n = 112) across 12 clubs during the play-off stage of the 2015-2016 Future Talents Cup International tournament. Match data was collected using a GPS device for physical performance measures across different positions, level of team success and during match congestion (MD1, MD 2 and MD3). The top ranked teams produced significantly higher total and low speed running distances compared to bottom ranked teams (p < .05). Players covered significantly more total distance and PlayerLoadTM on MD1 compared to MD2 and MD3 (p < .05). High speed distance output remained unaffected during this period of match congestion. Central defenders were found to have the lowest output across physical performance variables compared to all other positions (p < .05). Wide players (WD and WM) produced the greatest outputs at higher speed distances compared to other positions (p < .05). Therefore, the present study revealed that teams who had higher levels of success produced greater physical outputs compared to those of lower rankings. Match congestion resulted in a reduction in total and lower speed distances covered. Finally, differences in physical demands across playing positions was evident. Coaches should be aware of the implications of fatigue during periods of fixture congestion and the individual positional requirements for youth soccer players.
Ade, J, Fitzpatrick, J, and Bradley, PS. (2016). High-intensity efforts in elite soccer matches and associated movement patterns, technical skills and tactical actions. Information for position-specific training drills. J Sports Sci 34: 2205–2214. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1217343
Al Haddad, H, Simpson, BM, Buchheit, M, Di Salvo, V, and Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2015). Peak match speed and maximal sprinting speed in young soccer players: Effect of age and playing position. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 10: 888–896. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2014-0539
Andrzejewski, M, Pluta, B, and Posiadala, D. (2009). Characteristics of physical loads of young footballers during a Championship match. J Hum Kinet 21: 83–88.
Arruda, AF, Carling, C, Zanetti, V, Aoki, MS, Coutts, AJ, and Moreira, A. (2014). Effects of a Very Congested Match Schedule on Body Load Impacts, Accelerations, and Running Measures in Youth Soccer Players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 10: 248–252. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2014-0148
Aslan, A, Açikada, C, Güvenç, A, Gören, H, Hazir, T, and Özkara, A. (2012). Metabolic demands of match performance in young soccer players. J Sport Sci Med 11: 170–179.
Bangsbo, J. (1994). The physiology of soccer--with special reference to intense intermittent exercise. Acta Physiol Scand Suppl 619: 1–155.
Barnes, C, Archer, D, Hogg, B, Bush, M, and Bradley, P. (2014) The Evolution of Physical and Technical Performance Parameters in the English Premier League. Int J Sports Med 35: 1095–1100. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1375695
Barrett, S, Midgley, A, and Lovell, R. (2014). PlayerLoadTM: Reliability, Convergent Validity, and Influence of Unit Position During Treadmill Running. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 9: 945–952. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2013-0418
Barron, DJ, Atkins, S, Edmundson, C, and FewtreIl, D. (2014) Accelerometer derived load according to playing position in competitive youth soccer. Int J Perform Anal Sport 14: 734–743. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2014.11868754
Batterham, AM and Hopkins, WG. (2006). Making meaningful inferences about magnitudes. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 1: 50–57. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.1.1.50
Bradley, PS and Ade, JD. (2018). Are Current Physical Match Performance Metrics in Elite Soccer Fit for Purpose or Is the Adoption of an Integrated Approach Needed? Int J Sports Physiol Perform 13: 656–664. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2017-0433
Brito, Â, Roriz, P, Silva, P, Duarte, R, and Garganta, J. (2017). Effects of pitch surface and playing position on external load activity profiles and technical demands of young soccer players in match play. Int J Perform Anal Sport 17: 902–918. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2017.1407207
Buchheit, M, Mendez-Villanueva, A, Simpson, BM, and Bourdon, PC. (2010). Match Running Performance and Fitness in Youth Soccer. Int J Sports Med 31: 818–825. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1262838
Carling, C, Le Gall, F, and Dupont, G. (2012). Are Physical Performance and Injury Risk in a Professional Soccer Team in Match-Play Affected Over a Prolonged Period of Fixture Congestion? Int J Sports Med 33: 36–42. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0031-1283190
Castellano, J, Blanco-Villaseñor, A, and Álvarez, D. (2011). Contextual variables and time-motion analysis in soccer. Int J Sports Med 32: 415–421. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0031-1271771
Cetolin, T, Teixeira, AS, Netto, AS, Haupenthal, A, Nakamura, FY, Guglielmo, LGA, et al. (2019). Training Loads and RSA and Aerobic Performance Changes During the Preseason in Youth Soccer Squads. J Hum Kinet 65: 235–248. https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2018-0032
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Collet, C. (2013). The possession game? A comparative analysis of ball retention and team success in European and international football, 2007-2010. J Sports Sci 31: 123–36. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.727455
Dellal, A, Lago-Peñas, C, Rey, E, Chamari, K, and Orhant, E. (2015). The effects of a congested fixture period on physical performance, technical activity and injury rate during matches in a professional soccer team. Br J Sports Med 49: 390–394. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2012-091290
Di Salvo, V, Gregson, W, Atkinson, G, Tordoff, P, and Drust, B. (2009). Analysis of high intensity activity in premier league soccer. Int J Sports Med 30: 205–212. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0028-1105950
Djaoui, L, Wong, DP, Pialoux, V, Hautier, C, Da Dilva, CD, Chamari, K, et al. (2014). Physical activity during a prolonged congested period in a top-class European football team. Asian J Sports Med 5: 47–53. https://doi.org/10.5812/asjsm.34233
Faude, O, Koch, T, and Meyer, T. (2012). Straight sprinting is the most frequent action in goal situations in professional football. J Sports Sci 30: 625–631. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.665940
Goto, H, Morris, JG, and Nevill, ME. (2015). Motion analysis of U11 to U16 elite English Premier League Academy players. J Sports Sci 33: 1248–1258. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.999700
Gregson, W, Drust, B, Atkinson, G, and Di Salvo, V. (2010). Match-to-Match Variability of High-Speed Activities in Premier League Soccer. Int J Sports Med 31: 237–242. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1247546
Harley, JA, Barnes, CA, Portas, M, Lovell, R, Barrett, S, Paul, D, et al. (2010). Motion analysis of match-play in elite U12 to U16 age-group soccer players. J Sports Sci 28: 1391–1397. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.510142
Hunter, F, Bray, J, Towlson, C, Smith, M, Barrett, S, Madden, J, et al. (2015). Individualisation of time-motion analysis: A method comparison and case report series. Int J Sports Med 36: 41–48. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1384547
Lago-Peñas, C and Lago-Ballesteros, J. (2011). Game location and team quality effects on performance profiles in professional soccer. J Sport Sci Med 10: 465–471.
Lago, C, Casais, L, Dominguez, E, and Sampaio, J. (2010). The effects of situational variables on distance covered at various speeds in elite soccer. Eur J Sport Sci 10: 103–109. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461390903273994
Malone, JJ, Lovell, R, Varley, MC, and Coutts, AJ. (2017). Unpacking the Black Box: Applications and Considerations for Using GPS Devices in Sport. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 12: S218–S226. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0236
Mendez-Villanueva, A, Buchheit, M, Simpson, B, and Bourdon, PC. (2013). Match play intensity distribution in youth soccer. Int J Sports Med 34: 101–110. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1306323
Nicolella, D, Torres-Ronda, L, Saylor, K, and Schelling, X. (2018). Validity and reliability of an accelerometer- based player tracking device. PLoS One 13: 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191823
Noon, MR, James, RS, Clarke, ND, Akubat, I, and Thake, CD. (2015). Perceptions of well-being and physical performance in English elite youth footballers across a season. J Sports Sci 33: 2106–2115. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2015.1081393
Pereira Da Silva, N, Kirkendall, D, and Leite De Barros Neto, T. (2007). Movement patterns in elite Brazilian youth soccer. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 47: 270–275.
Rampinini, E, Impellizzeri, FM, Castagna, C, Coutts, AJ, and Wisløff, U. (2009). Technical performance during soccer matches of the Italian Serie A league: Effect of fatigue and competitive level. J Sci Med Sport 12: 227–233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2007.10.002
Rebelo, A, Brito, J, Seabra, A, Oliveira, J, and Krustrup, P. (2014). Physical match performance of youth football players in relation to physical capacity. Eur J Sport Sci 14: S148–S156. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2012.664171
Roe, G, Darrall-Jones, J, Black, C, Shaw, W, Till, K, and Jones, B. (2017). Validity of 10 HZ GPS and Timing Gates for Assessing Maximum Velocity in Professional Rugby Union Players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 12: 836–839. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0256
Saward, C, Morris, JG, Nevill, ME, Nevill, AM, and Sunderland, C. (2016). Longitudinal development of match-running performance in elite male youth soccer players. Scand J Med Sci Sport 26: 933–942. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12534
Sporis, G, Dujic, I, Trajkovic, N, Milanovic, Z, and Madic, D. (2017). Relationship Between Morphological Characteristics and Match Performance in Junior Soccer Players. Int J Morphol 35: 37–41. https://doi.org/10.4067/s0717-95022017000100007
Thornton, HR, Nelson, AR, Delaney, JA, Serpiello, FR, and Duthie, GM. (2018). Inter-unit reliability and effect of data processing methods of global positioning systems. Int J Sports Physiol Perform In Press.
Vaeyens, R, Lenoir, M, Williams, AM, and Philippaerts, RM. (2008). Talent Identification and Development Programmes in Sport: Current models and future directions. Sport Med 38: 703–714. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200838090-00001
Varley, MC, Gregson, W, McMillan, K, Bonanno, D, Stafford, K, Modonutti, M, et al. (2017). Physical and technical performance of elite youth soccer players during international tournaments: influence of playing position and team success and opponent quality. Sci Med Footb 1: 18–29. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1230676
Varley, MC, Di Salvo, V, Modonutti, M, Gregson, W, and Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2018). The influence of successive matches on match-running performance during an under-23 international soccer tournament: The necessity of individual analysis. J Sports Sci 36: 585–591. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1325511
Zanetti, V, Carling, C, Aoki, MS, Bradley, PS, and Moreira, A. (2018). Are There Differences in Elite Youth Soccer Player Work Rate Profiles in Congested vs. Regular Match Schedules? J Strength Cond Res In Press. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002702
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.