Wearing a surgical mask does not affect the anaerobic threshold during pedaling exercise
The effect of wearing a surgical mask on cardiopulmonary function and anaerobic threshold (AT) has not been reported. Thus, we aimed to determine whether cardiopulmonary function and AT vary while wearing surgical masks. Six healthy men were enrolled and underwent the cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) stress test under two different conditions (with and without a commercially available surgical mask) to evaluate their AT. To confirm that there was no breath leakage, a gas mask connected with a respiratory gas analyser was worn over the surgical mask when the participants performed the CPX. The AT was measured by the V-slope method. Moreover, the AT time, exercise load, oxygen consumption, and ventilation values after the CPX were determined. No significant differences were found between the two conditions. The number of complaints of respiratory distress, however, was significantly higher while wearing a surgical mask. The exercise intensity achieved by each participant was equivalent, irrespective of whether they wore the surgical mask; therefore, wearing a surgical mask does not affect cardiopulmonary function during vigorous exercise.
Amorim, H., Cadilha, R., Parada, F., & Rocha, A. (2015). Progression of aerobic exercise intensity in a cardiac rehabilitation program. Rev Port Cardiol, 38(4), 281–286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.repc.2018.07.009
Beaver, W.L., Wasserman, K., & Whipp, B.J. (1985). A new method for detecting anaerobic threshold by gas exchange. J Appl Physiol, 60(6), 2020–2027. https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.19188.8.131.520
Berger, A.M., Shuster, J.L., & Von Roenn, J.H. (2002). Principles and Practice of Palliative Care and Supportive Oncology (2nd ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Blair, S.N., Kohl, H.W. 3rd, Barlow, C.E., Paffenbarger, R.S. Jr, Gibbons, L.W., & Macera, C.A. (1995). Changes in physical fitness and all-cause mortality. A prospective study of healthy and unhealthy men. JAMA, 273(14), 1093–1098. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1995.03520380029031
Bouaziz, W., Schmitt, E., Kaltenbach, G., Geny, B., & Vogel, T. (2015). Health benefits of cycle ergometer training for older adults over 70: a review. Eur Rev Aging Phys Act, 12, 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s11556-015-0152-9
Canini, L., Andreoletti, L., Ferrari, P., D’ Angelo, R., Blanchon, T., Lemaitre, M., Filleul, L., Ferry, J.P., Desmaizieres, M., Smadja, S., Valleron, A.J., & Carrat, F. (2010) . Surgical mask to prevent influenza transmission in households: a cluster randomized trial. PLoS One, 5(11), e13998. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0013998
Jung HC, Lee NH, John SD, Lee S. The elevation training mask induces modest hypoxaemia but does not affect heart rate variability during cycling in healthy adults. Biology of Sport. 2019;36:105–112. https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2019.79976
Kido, S., Nakajima, Y., Miyasaka, T., Maeda, Y., Tanaka, T., Yu, W., Maruoka, H., & Takayanagi, K. (2013). Effects of combined training with breathing resistance and sustained physical exertion to improve endurance capacity and respiratory muscle function in healthy young adults. J Phys Ther Sci, 25(5), 605–610. https://dx.doi.org/10.1589%2Fjpts.25.605
Koba, S., Tanaka, H., Maruyama, C., Tada, N., Birou, S., Teramoto, T., & Sasaki, J. (2011). Physical activity in the Japan population: association with blood lipid levels and effects in reducing cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. J Atheroscler Thromb, 18(10): 833–845. https://doi.org/10.5551/jat.8094
Koike, A., Hiroe, M., Adachi, H., Yajima, T., Nogami, A., Ito, H., Takamoto, T., Taniguchi, K., & Marumo, F. (1992). Anaerobic metabolism as an indicator of aerobic function during exercise in cardiac patients. J Am Coll Cardiol, 20(1), 120–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/0735-1097(92)90147-f
Li, Y., Tokura, H., Guo, Y.P., Wong, A.S.W., Wong, T., Chung, J., & Newton, E. (2005). Effects of wearing N95 and surgical facemasks on heart rate, thermal stress and subjective sensations. Int Arch Occup Environ Health, 78(6), 501–509. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-004-0584-4
Luximon, Y., Anne Sheen, K., & Luximon, A. (2016). Time dependent infrared thermographic evaluation of facemasks. Work, 54(4), 825–835. https://doi.org/10.3233/wor-162353
Matsumura, N., Nishijima, H., Kojima, S., Hashimoto, F., Minami, M., & Yasuda, H. (1983). Determination of anaerobic threshold for assessment of functional state in patients with chronic heart failure. Circulation, 68(2), 360–367. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.68.2.360
Moholdt, T., Bekken Vold, M., Grimsmo, J., Slørdahl, S.A., & Wisløff, U. (2012) Home-based aerobic interval training improves peak oxygen uptake equal to residential cardiac rehabilitation: a randomized, controlled trial. PLoS One, 7(7), e41199. https://dx.doi.org/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0041199
Motoyama, Y.L., Joel, G.B., Pereira, P.E.A., Esteves, G.J., & Azevedo, P.H.S.M. (2016) Airflow-restricting mask reduces acute performance in resistance exercise. Sports (Basel), 4(4). 46. https://dx.doi.org/10.3390%2Fsports4040046
Patel, R.B., Skaria, S.D., Mansour, M.M., & Smaldone, G.C. (2016). Respiratory source control using a surgical mask: An in vitro study. J Occup Environ Hyg, 13(7): 569–576. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080%2F15459624.2015.1043050
Porcari, J.P., Probst, L., Forrester, K., Doberstein, S., Foster, C., Cress, M.L., & Schmidt, K. (2016). Effect of Wearing the elevation training mask on aerobic capacity, lung function, and hematological variables. J Sports Sci Med, 15(2), 379–386. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000488131.38685.16
Taylor, D. (2014). Physical activity is medicine for older adults. Postgrad Med J, 90(1059), 26–32. https://doi.org/10.1136/postgradmedj-2012-131366
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.