Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Impact of specialized physical training programs on physical fitness in athletes

Issara Siramaneerat, Chalit Chaowilai



Introduction. Physical fitness is important to athletes because it allows for the highest ability of the athletes participating in any competition. Speed, agility, and quickness training (SAQ) is a form of training that is widely used to help athletes develop themselves in those areas. In addition, training programs can help athletes succeed by developing neuromuscular systems, improve the efficiency of movement, and in general increase their abilities. Objective. This research aims to compare the effect of the SAQ training program on physical fitness in athletes. Athletes are students of Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, 1st-4th year, aged over 18 years, consisting of 30 people, divided into 1 control group and 1 experimental group. The tools used in this research are a physical fitness test, and the SAQ training program. The frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation and t-test for dependent sample at the statistical significance level of .05. Results. The study found that in the experimental group, the mean values of hand force (t = 2.124, p-value = .05), counter movement jump (t = 2.307, p-value = .029) , sitting, bent forward (t = 2.87, p-value = .008) were significantly higher than the control group at the statistical significance of .05. The experimental group had lower storage and running mean values (t = -14.760, p-value = .000) than the control group with statistical significance of .05. Conclusion. Applicable to athletes in training or anyone interested in using the SAQ training program in order to increase physical fitness in athletes. Moreover, trainers can apply the SAQ training program to other sports such as tennis, football, etc.


Physical fitness; Athletes; Athletics; Training program


Basmajian, John VI. (1973). Exercise and Sport Science Reviews. New York : Academic Press, Vol. 1.

Buckley, S., Knapp, K., Lackie, A., Lewry, C., Horvey, K., Benko, C., Trinh, J., & Butcher, S. (2015). Multimodal high-intensity interval training increases muscle function and metabolic performance in females. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquee, Nutrition Et Metabolisme, 40(11), 1157–1162.

Carl, E. K. and Darniel, D. A. (1981). Modern Principles of Athletic Training. 5th ed. St.Louis : C.V. Mosby.

Chu, D.A. and Plummer. (1984). “The Language of Plyometric”. National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal. 6 (November 1984) 30-31.

Darren, S. (2000). “Protocols for the Physiological Assessment of High-Performance Runner”, In Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes. Champaign: Human Kinetics Publishers, 2000.

Denadai, B.S. and Higino, W.P. Effect of the passive recovery period on the lactate minimum speed in sprinters and endurance runners. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2004; 7(4): 488-496.

Dintiman, T. (1964). Track and Field. Boston : Library of Congress Catalog.

Dintimin, George B. & Ward, Robert D. (1988). Sport Speed. Champaign IL : Leisure Press.

Dintimin, George B. (1984). How to Run Faster. New York : Leisure Press.

Distefano LJ, Distefano MJ, Frank BS, Clark MA, Padua DA. (2013). Comparison of integrated and isolated training on performance measures and neuromuscular control. J Strength Cond Res. 27(4): 1083-1090.

Falk, B. Mor. G. (1996). The effects of resistance and martial arts training in 6-to 8-year-old boys. Pediatric exercise science, 8(1), 48-56.

Gambetta, V. (1981). “Plyometric Training”. Track and Field Coaching Manaul. West Point, New York : Leisure Press.

Gambetta, V. (1987). “Principle of Plyometrics Training”. Track and Field Technique.97(2) : 3899-3104.

Jovanovic, M., Sporis, G., Omrcen, D. and Fiorentini, F. (2011) Effects of speed, agility, quickness training method on power performance in elite soccer players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 25(5), 1285-1292.

Kevin, T. , Duncan, F. , Philip. R. H. (2009). The effect of two plyometric training techniques on muscular power and agility in youth soccer players, The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23 (1), 332.

Kim E, Dear A, Ferguson SL, Seo D, Bemben MG. (2011). Effects of 4 weeks of traditional resistance training vs. super-slow strength training on early phase adaptations in strength, flexibility, and aerobic capacity in college-aged women. J Strength Cond Res. 25(11): 3006-3013.

Kramer, J. F., Morrow, A., & Leger, A. (1993). Changes in rowing ergometer, weight lifting, vertical jump and isokinetic performance in response to standard and standard plus plyometric training programs. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 14(8), 449–454.

Lawton, T. W., Cronin, J. B., & McGuigan, M. R. (2012). Does extensive on-water rowing increase muscular strength and endurance? Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(6), 533–540.

Lesinski, M., Prieske, O., & Granacher, U. (2016). Effects and dose-response relationships of resistance training on physical performance in youth athletes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(13), 781–795.

Milanović, Z. Sporis, G. Trajković, N. James, N. and Šamija, K. (2013) “Effects of a 12 Week SAQ Training Programme on Agility with and without the Ball among Young Soccer Players,” J. Sports Sci. Med., vol. 12, pp. 97–103.

Miller, M. G. Herniman, J. J. Ricard, M. D. Cheatham, C. C. Michael. T. J. (2006). The effects of a 6-week plyometric training program on agility, JSSM, 459-460.

Morton SK, Whitehead JR, Brinkert RH, Caine DJ. (2011). Resistance training vs. static stretching: effects on flexibility and strength. J Strength Cond Res. 25(12): 3391-3398.

Rhea, M. R., Alvar, B. A., Burkett, L. N., & Ball, S. D. (2003). A meta-analysis to determine the dose response for strength development. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(3), 456–464.

Rösch, D., Hodgson, R., Peterson, T. L., Graf-Baumann, T., Junge, A., Chomiak, J. and Dvorak, J. (2000) Assessment and evaluation of football performance. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 28(Suppl. 5), S29-S39.

Santos E, Rhea MR, Simao R, Dias I, de Salles BF, Novaes J, et al. (2010). Influence of moderately intense strength training on flexibility in sedentary young women. J Strength Cond Res. 24(11): 3144-3149.

Saraiva AR, Reis VM, Costa PB, Bentes CM, Costa ESGV, Novaes JS. (2014). Chronic effects of different resistance training exercise orders on flexibility in elite judo athletes. J Hum Kinet. 2014; 40: 129-137.

Sporiš, G., Milanović, Z., Trajković, N. and Joksimović, A. (2011). Correlation between speed, agility and qouickness (SAQ) in elite young soccer player. Acta kinesiologica 5(2), 36-41.

Sports Science Department. (1999). The Sports Authority of Thailand. Athletic body integrity test.Bangkok: New Thai Mit Printing.

Sports Science Department. (2000). The Sports Authority of Thailand. Benchmark for physical fitness of people Thailand. Bangkok: New Thai Mitr Printing.

Suna, G. , Beyleroğlu, M. , Alp, M. ,Yalçın. S. (2016). Investigating the effects of coordination trainings on velocity, balance and agility features of tennis kıds. SSTB International Refereed Academic Journal of Sports, Health & Medical Sciences, 20.

Tse, M. A., McManus, A. M., & Masters, R. S. W. (2005). Development and validation of a core endurance intervention program: Implications for performance in college-age rowers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(3), 547–552.

Zavanela PM, Crewther BT, Lodo L, Florindo AA, Miyabara EH, Aoki MS. (2012). Health and fitness benefits of a resistance training intervention performed in the workplace. J Strength Cond Res. 26(3): 811-817.


Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.