Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Psychophysiological responses to competition among university swimmers

Portia Heidi Mendoza Balite, Percival Henry Mendoza Balite, Marcus Jarwin Ani Manalo, Jeffrey Pagaduan

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2022.174.07

Abstract

This study investigated anticipatory cortisol and pre-competitive anxiety of swimmers before competition. Fifteen university swimmers volunteered to participate in the study. Salivary cortisol and Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2R) were collected six days (6d) and two hours (2h) before competition. Results revealed higher somatic anxiety 2h compared to 6d prior to competition. No differences were observed in cortisol, cognitive anxiety, and self-confidence. Thus, somatic anxiety of swimmers increase in response to competition.


Keywords

Anticipatory cortisol; Anxiety; Athletic performance; Swimmers

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2022.174.07





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