Improving footballers agility performances outcomes with the smart ladder drill prototype inventory for exercising efficiency




Illinois Agility Run Test (IART), Smart Ladder Test (SLT), Agility efficiency, Speed efficiency, Improvement, Development, Means information data, Performance analysis of sport


The first started to investigate the agility characteristics of athletes to improve the agility and speed of football training development into football agility performances using the Illinois Agility Run Test (IART) and the Smart Ladder Test (SLT) were monitored and evaluated three times: previous training, after the fourth week, and after the eighth weekly training with the means of collecting data were measured.  The 40 footballer volunteers from Kasetsart University divided into 20 experimental and 20 control footballer groups. The analysis was compared with the means of their agility and speed with the independent and dependent variables of their previous training three times. The agility and speed tests of footballers with IART Testing in two groups are not significantly different at .05 in the previous and after the fourth week of training; but after the eighth week, the two groups are significantly different at .05. However, for SLT testing showed a significant difference at the .01level after the fourth and eighth weekly training sessions. Footballers’ sports that demand agility, the ability to change direction at speed from an athlete under control when moving at speed, will have an advantage are applied to Basketball, Rugby, Tennis, etc. The IART and SLT measure the development of these key skills. This study can be useful, giving name of areas, disciplines, etc. Commonly used test of agility in sports, and there are many norms available, the test is an electronically timed test and requires maximum speed and effort from applicants to negotiate several traffic cones.


Department of Physical Education, Faculty of education, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand


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How to Cite

Sungpook, N., Singchainara, J., Soachalem, A., Polsorn, K., & Santiboon, T. T. (2023). Improving footballers agility performances outcomes with the smart ladder drill prototype inventory for exercising efficiency. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 18(1), 242–258.



Performance Analysis of Sport