A review of the level of good governance in international sport federations
Keywords:Sport, Good governance, International federations, Olympic sports, Management
The importance of increasing regulation in this field in all socio-economic areas, including the sport sector, and major pressure on the traditional autonomous hierarchical networks of the sport world done by governments, mainly due to the commercialisation of sport, have forced all major sports bodies and associations representing the sports industry to join this initiative of improving their good governance. A qualitative and quantitative study of the 35 Olympic ISFs has been carried out following the OGD - SGO index tool in 4 areas of improvement. The results allow to conclude that there is still a weakness in the control structures with a need to focus on the dimensions of democracy and checks and balances which are the weakest. There is also a lack of agreement on a standardised way to assess the good governance of sport entities that must be addressed and improved urgently.
Alm, J. (2013). Action for good governance in international sports organisations. Copenhagen: Play the Game & Danish Institute for Sports Studies.
Andreff, W. (2008). Globalisation of the sports economy. Rivista di diritto ed economia dello sport, 4 (3), 13-32.
Aucoin, P. and Heintzman, R. (2000). The dialectics of accountability for performance in public management reform. International review of administrative sciences, 66 (1), 45-55. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020852300661005
Association of Summer Olympic International Federations. (2016). ASOIF Governance Task Force (1st Report to ASOIF Council). Retrieved from: https://www.asoif.com/governance-task-force
ASOIF Association of Summer Olympic International Federations. (2018). Second review of IF governance Lausanne. Retrieved from: http://www.asoif.com/governance-task-force
Babiak, K. (2010). The role and relevance of corporate social responsibility in sport: A view from the top. Journal of Management & Organization, 16 (4), 528-549. https://doi.org/10.5172/jmo.2010.16.4.528
Ball, C. (2009). What Is Transparency? Public Integrity, 11(4), 293-308. https://doi.org/10.2753/PIN1099-9922110400
Boix, Carles (1999). Setting the Rules of the Game: The Choice of Electoral Systems in Advanced Democracies. American Political Science Review, 93 (3), 609-24. https://doi.org/10.2307/2585577
Bruyninckx, H. (2012). Sports Governance: Between the Obsession with Rules and Regulation and the Aversion to Being Ruled and Regulated. In: Segaert B., Theeboom M., Timmerman C., Vanreusel B. (Eds.), Sports governance, development and corporate responsibility. Oxford: Routledge.
Colomer, J. M. (2004). Handbook of Electoral System Choice. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230522749
Chappelet, J.L. (2010). The autonomy of sport in Europe. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publications.
Cherchye, L. Moesen, W. Rogge, N. and Van Puyenbroeck, T. (2006). An introduction to 'benefit of the doubt' composite indicators. Social Indicators Research, 82 (1), 111-145. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-006-9029-7
Cucaita, R. (2019). Impacto de la gobernanza internacional y nacional en el deporte: una mirada actual. Revista de Actividad física y Deporte, 5 (2), 96-119. https://doi.org/10.31910/rdafd.v5.n2.2019.1260
Dunn, W. N. (2004). Public policy analysis: An introduction. Nueva Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.
European Commission (2007). White Paper on Sport. Brussels: European Union.
European Commission (2012). Expert Group 'Good Governance' Report from the 3rd meeting (June 2012).
Farrell, D. M. (2001). Electoral Systems: A Comparative Introduction. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Forster, J. and Pope, N. (2004). The Political Economy of Global Sporting Organisations, Routledge. London. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203505915
Gallagher, M. and Mitchell, P. (2005). The politics of electoral systems. New York: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/0199257566.001.0001
García, B. (2007). UEFA and the European Union: From Confrontation to Cooperation, Journal of Contemporary European Research, 3 (3), 202-223.
García-Caba, M. M. (2021) La gobernanza en el deporte en España. Algunos ejemplos prácticos. Arrancada. Núm. Especial 1. ISSN 1810-5882.
Geeraert, A., Scheerder, J., Bruyninckx, H., (2012). The governance network of European football: introducing new governance approaches to steer football at the EU level. International journal of sport policy and politics, 6 (4), 56-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/19406940.2012.659750
Geeraert, A. (2015). Sports governance observer. The legitimacy crisis in international sports governance. Copenhague: Play de Game - Danish Institute for Sports Studies.
Grimmelikhuijsen. S. (2012). Linking transparency, knowledge and citizen trust in government: an experiment. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 78 (1) 50-73. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020852311429667
González-Ruiz, J., Gómez-Píriz, P., Puga-González, E., & Cabello-Manrique, D. (2020). Spanish women athletes’ performance in the Summer Olympic Games history. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, in press. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2022.173.01
Henry, I. and Lee, P.C., (2004). Governance and ethics in sport. In: S. Chadwick and J. Beech, (eds). The business of sport management. Harlow: Pearson Education.
Hums, M.A., and MacLean, J.C. (2004). Governance and policy in sport organizations. Scottsdale, AZ. Halcomb Hathaway Publishers.
IMF (2007). Good governance: the IMF's role. Washington: IMF publication services.
Kaufmann, D. and Kraay, A. (2007). Governance indicators: where are we, where should we be going?. New York: World Bank. https://doi.org/10.1596/1813-9450-4370
Klijn, E. (2008). Governance and governance networks in Europe, Public Management Review, 10(4), 505-525. https://doi.org/10.1080/14719030802263954
Klijn, E.-H. and Koppenjan, J.F.M. (2004). Managing Uncertainties in Networks. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203643457
Klingemann, H.D. (2009). The comparative study of electoral systems. Oxford University Press.
Lemos, M. and Agrawal A. (2006). Environmental governance. Annual review of environmental resources, 31, 297-325. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.energy.31.042605.135621
Lijphart, A. (1985). The Field of Electoral Systems Research: A Critical Survey. Electoral Studies, 4, 3-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-3794(85)90028-9
Mouffe, C. (1993). The Return of the Political. London: Verso.
OECD (2004). Principles of corporate governance. Paris: OECD. https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264106079-en
O'Loughlin, M. (1990). What is bureaucratic accountability and how can we measure it?. Administration and Society, 22 (3), 275-302. https://doi.org/10.1177/009539979002200301
Parent, M.M. and Hoye, R. (2018). The impact of governance principles on sport organisations' governance practices and performance: A systematic review. Cogent Social Sciences, 4, 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2018.1503578
Parrish, R. and McArdle, D. (2004). Beyond Bosman: The European Union's influence upon professional athletes' freedom of movement. Sport in society, 7 (3), 403-418. https://doi.org/10.1080/1743043042000291712
Rosenau, J. (1992). Governance, order and change in world politics. In: J. Rosenau, E.-O. Czempiel, ed. Governance without Government, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511521775
Santiso, C. (2001). International co-operation for democracy and good governance: moving towards a second generation?. European journal of development research, 13 (1), 154-180. https://doi.org/10.1080/09578810108426785
Schenk, S. (2011). Safe hands: building integrity and transparency at FIFA. Berlin: Transparency International.
Scherer, A. G. and Palazzo, G. (2011). The New Political Role of business in a globalized world: a review of a new perspective on CSR and its implications for the firm, governance, and democracy. Journal of Management Studies, 48 (4), 899-931. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2010.00950.x
Sugden, J. (2002). Network football. In: J. Sugden and A. Tomlinson (eds). Power games. London: Routledge.
Taagapera, R. and Shugart, M. S. (1989): Seats and Votes: The effects and determinants of electoral systems. New Haven: Yale University Press.
UNDP (1997). Governance for sustainable human development. New York: UNDP.
Von Eberhardt, V. and Van Kleef, R. (2016). Implementing good governance principles in sports organisations. Lausanne: Burson-Marsteller - TSE Constulting.
Weiss, T. (2000). Governance, good governance and global governance: conceptual and actual challenges. Third world quarterly, 21 (5), 795-814. https://doi.org/10.1080/713701075
How to Cite
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.