Nutrition-Related considerations for health and performance in female Volleyball
A narrative review
Keywords:Macronutrient intake, Female athletes, Nutritional recommendations, Team sports, Volleyball
Although Volleyball is one of the most widely played sports in the World, there is little scientific information on how the ergo nutritional practice of female players should be designed. Therefore, the main aim of this narrative review is to resolute concise nutritional recommendations for volleyball women who players. Research databases such as PubMed, Scielo, Scopus, Medline or Academic Search Complete summarize and synthesize the recent evidence on the role of nutrition and its relationship with health and performance in this sporting discipline. Based on a literature review, we highlight that the individual adjustment of the energy value of the diet is one of the key factors for the physical performance of female volleyball players. An adequate intake of macronutrients allows for the achievement of correct energy values. To improve training adaptation, between 1.6 and 2.2 g·(kg·day)-1 of protein should be consumed. For optimal pre-competition muscle glycogen storage, 6-10 g·(kg·day)-1 of carbohydrates should be consumed, and 7- 10 g·(kg·day)-1 of carbohydrates should be consumed for adequate recovery. Micronutrients should be consumed in amounts corresponding to the recommended dietary allowances. Women volleyball players should take particular attention to the most adequate intake of these micronutrients, as well as vitamins such as iron, calcium, and vitamin D. Proper fluid intake, according to the player's needs, is crucial to maximize exercise performance. The diet of a female athlete is often characterized by low energy values, which increases the risk of various health consequences related to low energy availability. This diet of volleyball players must therefore be controlled carefully.
Ackerman, K. E., Holtzman, B., Cooper, K. M., Flynn, E. F., Bruinvels, G., Tenforde, A. S., Popp, K. L., Simpkin, A. J., & Parziale, A. L. (2019). Low energy availability surrogates correlate with health and performance consequences of Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport. British journal of sports medicine, 53(10), 628–633. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-098958
Anderson D. E. (2010). The impact of feedback on dietary intake and body composition of college women volleyball players over a competitive season. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 24(8), 2220–2226. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0b013e3181def6b9
Andreoli, A., Melchiorri, G., Brozzi, M., Di Marco, A., Volpe, S. L., Garofano, P., Di Daniele, N., & De Lorenzo, A. (2003). Effect of different sports on body cell mass in highly trained athletes. Acta diabetologica, 40 Suppl 1, S122–S125. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00592-003-0043-9
Anguera-Argilaga M. T. (2005). Planteamiento metodológico al servicio de la comprensión de la complejidad en los deportes de equipo. Acero, R. M., & Lago, C. (Eds.), Deportes de equipo / Team Sports: Comprender la complejidad para elevar el rendimiento / Understanding the Complexity of Raise the Performance. INDE. https://doi.org/10.12800/ccd.v8i23.294
Bennett, E., Peters, S., & Woodward, M. (2018). Sex differences in macronutrient intake and adherence to dietary recommendations: findings from the UK Biobank. BMJ open, 8(4), e020017. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020017
Burke, L. M., Castell, L. M., Casa, D. J., Close, G. L., Costa, R., Desbrow, B., Halson, S. L., Lis, D. M., Melin, A. K., Peeling, P., Saunders, P. U., Slater, G. J., Sygo, J., Witard, O. C., Bermon, S., & Stellingwerff, T. (2019). International Association of Athletics Federations Consensus Statement 2019: Nutrition for Athletics. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 29(2), 73–84. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2019-0065
Burke, L. M., Loucks, A. B., & Broad, N. (2006). Energy and carbohydrate for training and recovery. Journal of sports sciences, 24(7), 675–685. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410500482602
Calleja-González, J., Mielgo-Ayuso, J., Sampaio, J., Delextrat, A., Ostojic, S. M., Marques-Jiménez, D., Arratibel, I., Sánchez-Ureña, B., Dupont, G., Schelling, X., & Terrados, N. (2018). Brief ideas about evidence-based recovery in team sports. Journal of exercise rehabilitation, 14(4), 545–550. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1836244.122
Calleja-González, J., Mielgo-Ayuso, J., Sanchez-Ureña, B., Ostojic, S. M., & Terrados, N. (2019). Recovery in volleyball. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 59(6), 982–993. https://doi.org/10.23736/s0022-4707.18.08929-6
Closs, B., Burkett, C., Trojan, J. D., Brown, S. M., & Mulcahey, M. K. (2020). Recovery after volleyball: a narrative review. The Physician and sportsmedicine, 48(1), 8–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2019.1632156
Danh, J. P., Nucci, A., Andrew Doyle, J., & Feresin, R. G. (2021). Assessment of sports nutrition knowledge, dietary intake, and nutrition information source in female collegiate athletes: A descriptive feasibility study. Journal of American college health: J of ACH, 1–9. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2021.1987919
Elliott-Sale, K. J., Minahan, C. L., de Jonge, X., Ackerman, K. E., Sipilä, S., Constantini, N. W., Lebrun, C. M., & Hackney, A. C. (2021). Methodological Considerations for Studies in Sport and Exercise Science with Women as Participants: A Working Guide for Standards of Practice for Research on Women. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 51(5), 843–861. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-021-01435-8
Gabbett, T., King, T., & Jenkins, D. (2008). Applied physiology of rugby league. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 38(2), 119–138. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200838020-00003
Gacek M. (2011). Zwyczaje zywieniowe grupy osób wyczynowo uprawiajacych siatkówke [Eating habits of a group of professional volleyball players]. Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny, 62(1), 77–82.
Garthe, I., & Maughan, R. J. (2018). Athletes and Supplements: Prevalence and Perspectives. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 28(2), 126–138. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0429
Gonçalves, M. C., Bezerra, F. F., Eleutherio, E. C., Bouskela, E., & Koury, J. (2011). Organic grape juice intake improves functional capillary density and postocclusive reactive hyperemia in triathletes. Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil), 66(9), 1537–1541. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1807-59322011000900005
Gregson, W., Drust, B., Atkinson, G., & Salvo, V. D. (2010). Match-to-match variability of high-speed activities in premier league soccer. International journal of sports medicine, 31(4), 237–242. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1247546
Grgic, J., Trexler, E. T., Lazinica, B., & Pedisic, Z. (2018). Effects of caffeine intake on muscle strength and power: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 15, 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-018-0216-0
Guest, N. S., Horne, J., Vanderhout, S. M., & El-Sohemy, A. (2019). Sport Nutrigenomics: Personalized Nutrition for Athletic Performance. Frontiers in nutrition, 6, 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2019.00008
Guest, N. S., VanDusseldorp, T. A., Nelson, M. T., Grgic, J., Schoenfeld, B. J., Jenkins, N., Arent, S. M., Antonio, J., Stout, J. R., Trexler, E. T., Smith-Ryan, A. E., Goldstein, E. R., Kalman, D. S., & Campbell, B. I. (2021). International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and exercise performance. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 18(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-020-00383-4
Hadzic, M., Eckstein, M. L., & Schugardt, M. (2019). The Impact of Sodium Bicarbonate on Performance in Response to Exercise Duration in Athletes: A Systematic Review. Journal of sports science & medicine, 18(2), 271–281.
Hausswirth, C., & Le Meur, Y. (2011). Physiological and nutritional aspects of post-exercise recovery: specific recommendations for female athletes. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 41(10), 861–882. https://doi.org/10.2165/11593180-000000000-00000
Helm, M. M., McGinnis, G. R., & Basu, A. (2021). Impact of Nutrition-Based Interventions on Athletic Performance during Menstrual Cycle Phases: A Review. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(12), 6294. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126294
Holtzman, B., & Ackerman, K. E. (2021). Recommendations and Nutritional Considerations for Female Athletes: Health and Performance. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 51(Suppl 1), 43–57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-021-01508-8
Holway, F. E., & Spriet, L. L. (2011). Sport-specific nutrition: practical strategies for team sports. Journal of sports sciences, 29 Suppl 1, S115–S125. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.605459
Hosseini, S. A., & Padhy, R. K. (2021). Body Image Distortion. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing.
Ivy J. L. (2004). Regulation of muscle glycogen repletion, muscle protein synthesis and repair following exercise. Journal of sports science & medicine, 3(3), 131–138.
Janiczak, A., Devlin, B. L., Forsyth, A., & Trakman, G. L. (2021). A systematic review update of athletes' nutrition knowledge and association with dietary intake. The British journal of nutrition, 1–14. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114521004311
Johnson-Wimbley, T. D., & Graham, D. Y. (2011). Diagnosis and management of iron deficiency anemia in the 21st century. Therapeutic advances in gastroenterology, 4(3), 177–184. https://doi.org/10.1177/1756283x11398736
Kerksick, C. M., Wilborn, C. D., Roberts, M. D., Smith-Ryan, A., Kleiner, S. M., Jäger, R., Collins, R., Cooke, M., Davis, J. N., Galvan, E., Greenwood, M., Lowery, L. M., Wildman, R., Antonio, J., & Kreider, R. B. (2018). ISSN exercise & sports nutrition review update: research & recommendations. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 15(1), 38. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-018-0242-y
Kreher, J. B., & Schwartz, J. B. (2012). Overtraining syndrome: a practical guide. Sports health, 4(2), 128–138. https://doi.org/10.1177/1941738111434406
Loucks, A. B., Kiens, B., & Wright, H. H. (2011). Energy availability in athletes. J Sports Sci, 29(S1), 7–15.
Manore M. M. (2005). Exercise and the Institute of Medicine recommendations for nutrition. Current sports medicine reports, 4(4), 193–198. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.csmr.0000306206.72186.00
Margolis, L. M., Allen, J. T., Hatch-McChesney, A., & Pasiakos, S. M. (2021). Coingestion of Carbohydrate and Protein on Muscle Glycogen Synthesis after Exercise: A Meta-analysis. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 53(2), 384–393. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000002476
Martins, N. C., Dorneles, G. P., Blembeel, A. S., Marinho, J. P., Proença, I., da Cunha Goulart, M., Moller, G. B., Marques, E. P., Pochmann, D., Salvador, M., Elsner, V., Peres, A., Dani, C., & Ribeiro, J. L. (2020). Effects of grape juice consumption on oxidative stress and inflammation in male volleyball players: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Complementary therapies in medicine, 54, 102570. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2020.102570
Maughan, R. J., Burke, L. M., Dvorak, J., Larson-Meyer, D. E., Peeling, P., Phillips, S. M., Rawson, E. S., Walsh, N. P., Garthe, I., Geyer, H., Meeusen, R., van Loon, L., Shirreffs, S. M., Spriet, L. L., Stuart, M., Vernec, A., Currell, K., Ali, V. M., Budgett, R. G., Ljungqvist, A., … Engebretsen, L. (2018). IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete. British journal of sports medicine, 52(7), 439–455. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-099027
McKay, A., Pyne, D. B., Burke, L. M., & Peeling, P. (2020). Iron Metabolism: Interactions with Energy and Carbohydrate Availability. Nutrients, 12(12), 3692. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123692
Mielgo-Ayuso, J., Urdampilleta, A., Martínez-Sanz, J. M., & Seco, J. (2012). Ingesta dietética de hierro y su deficiencia en las jugadoras de voleibol femenino de élite [Dietary iron intake and deficiency in elite women volleyball players]. Nutricion hospitalaria, 27(5), 1592–1597. https://doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.17.1.3
Mielgo-Ayuso, J., Zourdos, M. C., Calleja-González, J., Urdampilleta, A., & Ostojic, S. M. (2015). Dietary intake habits and controlled training on body composition and strength in elite female volleyball players during the season. Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme, 40(8), 827–834. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0100
Milioni, F., de Poli, R., Saunders, B., Gualano, B., da Rocha, A. L., Sanchez Ramos da Silva, A., Muller, P., & Zagatto, A. M. (2019). Effect of β-alanine supplementation during high-intensity interval training on repeated sprint ability performance and neuromuscular fatigue. Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md.: 1985), 127(6), 1599–1610. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00321.2019
Morton, R. W., Murphy, K. T., McKellar, S. R., Schoenfeld, B. J., Henselmans, M., Helms, E., Aragon, A. A., Devries, M. C., Banfield, L., Krieger, J. W., & Phillips, S. M. (2018). A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of the effect of protein supplementation on resistance training-induced gains in muscle mass and strength in healthy adults. British journal of sports medicine, 52(6), 376–384. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-097608
Murray, B., & Rosenbloom, C. (2018). Fundamentals of glycogen metabolism for coaches and athletes. Nutrition reviews, 76(4), 243–259. https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuy001
Nicolozakes, C. P., Schneider, D. K., Roewer, B. D., Borchers, J. R., & Hewett, T. E. (2018). Influence of Body Composition on Functional Movement Screen™ Scores in College Football Players. Journal of sport rehabilitation, 27(5), 431–437. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2015-0080
Nutritional Supplement for Athletic Performance: Based on Australian Institute of Sport Sports Supplement Framework. (2019). Exercise Science, 28(3), 211–220. https://doi.org/10.15857/ksep.2019.28.3.211
Pedlar, C. R., Brugnara, C., Bruinvels, G., & Burden, R. (2018). Iron balance and iron supplementation for the female athlete: A practical approach. European journal of sport science, 18(2), 295–305. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1416178
Peeling, P., Binnie, M. J., Goods, P., Sim, M., & Burke, L. M. (2018). Evidence-Based Supplements for the Enhancement of Athletic Performance. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 28(2), 178–187. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0343
Phillips, S. M., & Van Loon, L. J. (2011). Dietary protein for athletes: from requirements to optimum adaptation. Journal of sports sciences, 29 Suppl 1, S29–S38. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.619204
Ponorac, N., Popović, M., Karaba-Jakovljević, D., Bajić, Z., Scanlan, A., Stojanović, E., & Radovanović, D. (2020). Professional Female Athletes Are at a Heightened Risk of Iron-Deficient Erythropoiesis Compared with Nonathletes. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 30(1), 48–53. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2019-0193
Portal, S., Zadik, Z., Rabinowitz, J., Pilz-Burstein, R., Adler-Portal, D., Meckel, Y., Cooper, D. M., Eliakim, A., & Nemet, D. (2011). The effect of HMB supplementation on body composition, fitness, hormonal and inflammatory mediators in elite adolescent volleyball players: a prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. European journal of applied physiology, 111(9), 2261–2269. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-1855-x
Rael, B., Alfaro-Magallanes, V. M., Romero-Parra, N., Castro, E. A., Cupeiro, R., Janse de Jonge, X., Wehrwein, E. A., & Peinado, A. B. (2021). Menstrual Cycle Phases Influence on Cardiorespiratory Response to Exercise in Endurance-Trained Females. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(3), 860. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030860
Renard, M., Kelly, D. T., Chéilleachair, N. N., & Catháin, C. Ó. (2021). How Does the Dietary Intake of Female Field-Based Team Sport Athletes Compare to Dietary Recommendations for Health and Performance? A Systematic Literature Review. Nutrients, 13(4), 1235. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041235
Schulze, A., & Busse, M. (2019). Prediction of Ergogenic Mouthguard Effects in Volleyball: A Pilot Trial. Sports medicine international open, 3(3), E96–E101. https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1036-5888
Scientific opinion on dietary reference values for protein. (2011). www.efsa.europa.eu. https://www.efsa.europa.eu/sites/default/files/consultation/110712%2C0.pdf Pdf [Accessed 07 Apr 2022]
Silva, A. F., Clemente, F. M., Lima, R., Nikolaidis, P. T., Rosemann, T., & Knechtle, B. (2019). The Effect of Plyometric Training in Volleyball Players: A Systematic Review. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(16), 2960. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162960
Tillman, M. D., Hass, C. J., Brunt, D., & Bennett, G. R. (2004). Jumping and Landing Techniques in Elite Women's Volleyball. Journal of sports science & medicine, 3(1), 30–36.
Wasserfurth, P., Palmowski, J., Hahn, A., & Krüger, K. (2020). Reasons for and Consequences of Low Energy Availability in Female and Male Athletes: Social Environment, Adaptations, and Prevention. Sports medicine - open, 6(1), 44. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-020-00275-6
Winnick, J. J., Davis, J. M., Welsh, R. S., Carmichael, M. D., Murphy, E. A., & Blackmon, J. A. (2005). Carbohydrate feedings during team sport exercise preserve physical and CNS function. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 37(2), 306–315. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000152803.35130.a4
Witard, O. C., Garthe, I., & Phillips, S. M. (2019). Dietary Protein for Training Adaptation and Body Composition Manipulation in Track and Field Athletes. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 29(2), 165–174. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2018-0267
Workinger, J. L., Doyle, R. P., & Bortz, J. (2018). Challenges in the Diagnosis of Magnesium Status. Nutrients, 10(9), 1202. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091202
Zehnder, M., Ith, M., Kreis, R., Saris, W., Boutellier, U., & Boesch, C. (2005). Gender-specific usage of intramyocellular lipids and glycogen during exercise. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 37(9), 1517–1524. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000177478.14500.7c
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.