Application of the discussion groups and initial phases of the qfd methodology to the study of valencian ball trinquetes


  • Ana M. Montaner Physical Education Teacher at Secondary School, Regional Ministry of Education, Spain
  • Carlos Montaner Physical Education Teacher at Secondary School, Regional Ministry of Education, Spain
  • Pedro Pérez-Soriano University of Valencia, Spain
  • Vicente Carrasco-Embuena University of Alicante, Spain
  • Salvador Llana-Belloch University of Valencia, Spain



Opinion study, Facilities, Standard rule


The purpose of this research is to show an opinion study about the specifications that the valencian ball trinquetes should have according to the players' opinion. The valencian ball game is a native sport with a great cultural tradition in the Valencian Community and it has been practised in the trinquetes since the XIV century. Despite its history, these facilities do not have the normative requirements for suitable sport development. The information provided by the users of the trinquetes is the first necessary step to improving the trinquetes facilities. Two methodologies based on the User Oriented Designed were applied in this study: discussion groups and initial phases of QFD - Quality Function Deployment. The opinions gathered have demonstrated the necessity for promoting actions to modify reform and modernize these kinds of facilities, in order to improve the practice of valencian ball.


Download data is not yet available.


Bergquist, K., Abeysekera, J. Quality Fuction Deployment (QFD). A means for developing usable products. International Journal Industrial Ergonomics. 1996; (18): 269-275.

Cham, R., Refern, M.S. Changes in gait when anticipating slippery floors. Gait Posture. 2002; 15 (2): 159-71.

Conca, M., Perez, V. Joc popular i tradicional valencià: la Pilota Valenciana. En: Villamón M, editor. Formación de los maestros especialistas en E. Física. Valencia: Generalitat Valenciana; 1999. p. 187-215.

Conca, M., García, G., Gimeno, T., Llopis, F., Naya, J., Pérez, V. La Pilota Valenciana, Unitat didáctica. Valencia: Generalitat Valenciana; 2006.

Ekstrand, J., Nigg, B.M. Surface-related injuries in soccer. Sports Med. 1989; 8 (1): 56-62.

EN 12193:1999. Iluminación. Iluminación de instalaciones deportivas.

Frederick, E.C., Himmeslbach, J.A. Biomechanics of courts sports. Proceedings of the Ninth Biomechanics Seminar; 1995. Göteborg, Sweden. p. 1-19.

Li, K.W., Yu, R.F., Han, X.L. Physiological and psychophysical responses in handling maximum acceptable weights under different footwear-floor friction conditions. Appl. Ergon. 2007; 38 (3): 259-65.

LOPD. Ley Orgánica 15/1999, de 13 de diciembre, de Protección de Datos de Carácter Personal; 1999.

Llopis, F. El joc de Pilota Valenciana. Valencia: Carena; 1999.

Millo, L.L. El trinquet. Valencia: Prometeo; 1976.

Moreno, C. Juegos y deportes tradicionales en España. Madrid: Alianza y CSD; 1992.

Nieto, M., Durá, J., García, A., Martínez, A. Prevención de lesiones en atletismo en base al estudio de la relación entre la opinión de los atletas y los ensayos de la normativa IAAF. Selección. 2001; 9 (1): 13 -22.

Nigg, B.M. The validity and relevance of tests used for the assessment of sports surfaces. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 1990; 22 (1): 131-9.

Olaso, S. El joc de la pilota en la Comunitat Valenciana [tesis doctoral]. Barcelona: Universitat de Barcelona; 1994.

Olsen, O.E., Myklebust, G., Engebretsen, L., Holme, I., Bahr, R. Relationship between floor type and risk of ACL injury in team handball. Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports. 2003; 13 (5): 299-304.

Page, A., Porcar, R., Such, M.J., Solaz, J., Blasco, V. Nuevas técnicas para el desarrollo de productos innovadores orientados al usuario. Valencia: Martín Impresores; 2001.

Pasanen, K., Parkkari, J., Rossi, L., Kannus, P. Artificial playing surface increases the injury risk in pivoting indoor sports: a prospective one-season follow-up study in Finnish female floorball. Br. J. Sports Med. 2008; 42 (3): 194-7.

Pérez, P. Análisis de los parámetros biomecánicos durante la recepción en colchonetas y su influencia en los mecanismos de lesión en gimnasia deportiva [tesis doctoral]. Valencia: Universitat de València; 2004.

Pérez, P., Llana, S., Alcántara, E. Aplicación parcial de la metodología QFD en el diseño de colchonetas para la gimnasia. Selección. 2006; 15 (1): 3-10.

Renström, A.F. Knee pain in tennis players. Clin. Sports Med. 1995; 14 (1): 163-75.

Soldado, A. Joc de pelota. Historia de un deporte valenciano. Valencia: Diputació de València; 1999.

Stiles, V.H., Dixon, S.J. The influence of different playing surfaces on the biomechanics of a tennis running forehand foot plant. J. Appl. Biomech. 2006; 22 (1): 14-24.

Vilalta, S. Estudi tipològic i catàleg dels trinquets. Valencia: Conselleria de Cultura, Educació i Ciencia; 1986.


Statistics RUA

How to Cite

Montaner, A. M., Montaner, C., Pérez-Soriano, P., Carrasco-Embuena, V., & Llana-Belloch, S. (2011). Application of the discussion groups and initial phases of the qfd methodology to the study of valencian ball trinquetes. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 6(4), 629–638.




Most read articles by the same author(s)