Effect of a modified pilates programme on flexion of spine at women with a sedentary job
Keywords:pilates intervention, exercise therapy, flexibility, optimal function, tests of spine
AbstractThe supposed effect of pilates is based on its characteristics and key principles (core, concentration, control, precision, breath, and flow) referring to effective activation and optimal function of deep stabilizing system (core) as a precondition of correct muscle involvement and effective movement. It is also important to modify the exercise so that it is for individual convenience. Pilates is often recommended in clinical practice as a therapy for functional muscle disorders. The research study is focused on flexibility of spine. Flexion represents the biggest-amplitude motion of spine and it can frequently be limited as a consequence of changes in function. The aim was to determine the effect of a three-month regular and targeted modified pilates exercise programme on flexibility of spine in flexion. The problem was solved by empirical, causal research – quasi experiment, with both quantitative and qualitative data analysis. The sample comprised 21 subjects – women at working age, with a sedentary job. To diagnose the dependant variable three selected indicators were used – direct somatometric diagnostic tests of function of spine, which are commonly used in a clinical practice: Thomayer test, Schober and Stibor distances. The intervention programme went on in the range of three months, with a frequency of three sixty-minute lessons a week; the subjects underwent pre-test and post-test measurements. The data were analysed by non-parametric statistical tests for dependant choices (sign test and Wilcoxon pair test; p < 0.05) and criteria based on a consensus of expert opinions to determine the significance of difference. Based on the set conditions of verification, the total results did not show a significant difference between pre-test and post-test.
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