The role of spiral stabilization exercise on the level of postural stabilty
Keywords:balance, proprioception, spine
The main aim of our study was to find out if exercise of spiral stabilization can improve level of postural stability (PS). PS is often described as the ability to maintain center of gravity within the base of support and it is also a fundamental part in assessing the efficacy of intervention for improving balance. Both, static and dynamic PS is the result of relationship between proprioception, vision and vestibular system. These three main sources are responsible for position of the body during static or dynamic activity. The participants were randomly divided into an experimental group (11 girls; mean age=13.3±1.3 years; mean height=1.52±0.07 m; mean body weight=44.56±4.13 kg) and control group (11 girls; mean age=13.5±0.80 years; mean height=1.50±0.08 m; mean body weight=46.45±6.27 kg). At the beginning of the experiment, parents of participants signed the informed consent about participation on the programme. An electronic balance board was used for measuring PS. The exercise regimen was set up 4 times weekly for 3 months. The result of the study showed significant improvement in a level of postural stability in the experimental group (paired samples t-test; p=0.00989; the significance level 95%) and there is no significant improvement in the control group (p=0.25564; the significance level 95%).
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