Journal of Human Sport and Exercise

Fatigue, complexity and technical execution in cheerleading

Katie Donovan, Kirsten Spencer



Cheerleading is a technical, explosive and physically demanding sport. Currently, there is very limited knowledge or specific research in regard to both routine fatigue and technical execution of skills at different levels of cheerleading performance. This review investigates the potential impact of fatigue on the performance of the technical back handspring manoeuvre and suggests avenues for future research. Four phases of movement are identified within the completed handspring. At each phase, the variation in biomechanical factors of velocity, trajectory, angular momentum are examined as crucial determinants to successful skill execution.


Dynamic systems; Strength and conditioning; Velocity; Trajectory; Angular momentum; Back handstand


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