Dynamics of the morphofunctional state of students with the expansion of fitness means in physical education classes
Keywords:Physical activity, Fitness, Physical exercises, Functional diagnostics
Purpose: to study the dynamics of the morphofunctional state of students during expanding fitness means in physical education classes. Materials and methods: students at the University of Economics (n = 820, age 18.0 ± 0.76 years) took part in the study. The experiment was lasting for 36 months. With students of group N1 (n = 386), traditional classes were conducted in accordance with the current physical education program. Development of physical education in group N2 (n = 434) was carried out by increasing the means of fitness and daily monitoring of physical activity with modern devices. Functional diagnostics was carried out on the hardware-diagnostic complex «Esteck System Complex». «Omega-M» hardware and software complex was used for studying biological rhythms. The evaluation of working capacity of the cardiovascular system was determined using the Ruffier test. Results: in group N2, authentic differences were determined in the adequacy of the regulation processes, the integral indicator of the sports shape, the level of physical activity (the number of steps per day). In group N1, authentic differences were determined only in the level of physical activity. At the same time, there was no significant improvement in the morphofunctional state in the groups. Conclusions: thanks to the expansion of fitness means, the provision of an individual-typological medical record and the stimulation of physical activity, it was managed to achieve a positive dynamic of the morphofunctional state of students of group N2.
Andryushchenko, L.B., Bodrov, I.M., Zaytsev, V.A., Buyanova, T.V. & Nosov, S.M. (2018). Esteck complex application for age-specific functionality tests. Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, (9), 16-18 [in Russia].
Antonova, I.N., Shutova T.N., Nosova, A.V. & Efremova N.G. (2019). The initial level of physical fitness and the reaction of the heart muscle to physical activity of first-year students. Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P.F. Lesgafta, 11(177), 21-25 [in Russia].
Antonova, I.N., Shutova, T.N. & Nosova, A.V. (2019). Efficiency of scheduled physical education classes at the University of Economics. Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P.F. Lesgafta, 4(170), 14-18 [in Russia].
Bochkareva, S.I., Buyanova, T.V., Vysotskaya, T.P., Golubnichiy, S.P. & Averyasov, V.V. (2018). Online education resources applied in academic physical education process. Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, (3), 44-46.
Chew, L., Tavitian-Exley, I., Lim, N. & Ong, A. (2021). Can a multi-level intervention approach, combining behavioural disciplines, novel technology and incentives increase physical activity at population-level? BMC Public Health, 21(1), 120. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-10092-x
Edholm, P., Veen, J., Kadi, F. & Nilsson, A. (2021). Muscle mass and aerobic capacity in older women: Impact of regular exercise at middle age. Experimental Gerontology, 147, 111259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2021.111259
Finkelstein, E.A., Haaland, B.A., Bilger, M., Sahasranaman, A. & Sloan, R.A. (2016). Nang EEK, «Effectiveness of activity trackers with and without incentives to increase physical activity (TRIPPA): a randomised controlled trial". The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 4(12), 983-995. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(16)30284-4
Fühner, T., Kliegl, R., Arntz, F., Kriemler, S. & Granacher, U. (2021). An Update on Secular Trends in Physical Fitness of Children and Adolescents from 1972 to 2015: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine, 51(2), 303-320. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01373-x
García-Hermoso, A., Ramírez-Vélez, R., Alfonso-Rosa, R.M. & del Pozo Cruz, B. (2021). Cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and circulating white blood cells in US youth. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 31(2), 439-445. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13845
Gowin, M., Cheney, M., Gwin, S. & Wann, T. (2015). Health and fitness app use in college students: A qualitative study. American Journal of Health Education, 46(4), 223-230. https://doi.org/10.1080/19325037.2015.1044140
Hou, Y. & Liu, S. (2021). Research on green physical education teaching method from the perspective of ecological civilization. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 29(11), 9821-9829.
Junger, J., Junger, A. & Ostrowski, P. (2020). Body composition of trainees undergoing EMS training with respect to their nutrition. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20(1), 12, 97-101. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.01012
Jakicic, J.M., Davis, K.K., Rogers, R.J., King, W.C., Marcus, M.D., Helsel, D., Rickman, A.D., Wahed, A.S. & Belle, S.N. (2016). Effect of wearable technology combined with a lifestyle intervention on longterm weight loss: the IDEA randomized clinical trial. JAMA, 316(11), 1161-1171. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2016.12858
José Enrique, M.-G., Arroyo-Del Bosque, R. & Jiménez-Eguizábal, A. (2021). Level of physical condition and practice of physical activity in adolescent school children. Apunts. Educacion Fisica y Deportes, 143, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.5672/apunts.2014-0983.es.(2021/1).143.01
Joensuu, L., Kujala, U.M., Kankaanpää, A., Syväoja, H.J., Kulmala, J., Hakonen, H., Oksanen, H., Kallio, J. & Tammelin, T.H. (2021). Physical fitness development in relation to changes in body composition and physical activity in adolescence. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 31(2), 456-464. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13847
Katewongsa, P., Pongpradit, K. & Widyastari, D.A. (2021). Physical activity level of Thai children and youth: Evidence from Thailand's 2018 report card on physical activity for children and youth. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness, 19(2), 71-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesf.2020.11.002
Klochkov, S.O., Klyuchnikov, M.S., Sinitsina, Yu.Yu., Vychik, A.A., Samoilov, A.S., Sereda, A.P., Chadina, A.V. & Medvedev, S.V. (2016). Integrated assessment of the health status of highly qualified athletes using the Estek System Complex medical software and hardware. Moscow: Federal Medical and Biological Agency of Russia [in Russia].
Kurmaeva, E.V. (2013). Fitness programs as a means of forming physical culture of students ' personality. Physical education of students, 1, 37-39 [in Russia].
Loginova, S. E. (2014). The combination of means of aerobic and anaerobic orientation in physical education classes at the university. Doctor Thesis. Tambov.
Makeeva V.S., Shirokova E.A. & Shchegoleva M.A. (2019). About the possibility of using fitness technologies in the program to ensure the subjective well-being of university students. The world of science, culture, and education, 1(74), 318-321 [in Russia].
Melero-Cañas, D., Morales-Baños, V., Manzano-Sánchez, D., Navarro-Ardoy, D. & Valero-Valenzuela, A. (2021). Effects of an Educational Hybrid Physical Education Program on Physical Fitness, Body Composition and Sedentary and Physical Activity Times in Adolescents: The Seneb's Enigma. Frontiers in Psychology, 11,629335. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.629335
Nizhnik, G. N. (2012). Swimming training for girls aged 18-20 using water aerobics. Doctor Thesis. Moscow.
Osipov, A.Yu., Kudryavtsev, M.D., Kopylov, Yu.A., Kuzmin, V.A., Panov, E.V. & Kramida, I.E. (2018). The possibility of a significant increase in the level of motor activity in students with the use of the potential of computer technology. Physical education of students, 22(5), 265-271. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2018.0506
ONETRAK user statistics (2020). Retrieved from: https://onetrak.ru/usermap/
Pogodina, S.V., Liskonog, L.V. & Bridko, V.V. (2014). The physical condition of students depends on the level of fitness. Physical culture, Sport-Science and Practice, (4), 9-13 [in Russia].
Research and production company Dynamic Technologies (2019). The system of complex computer research of physical condition of athletes "Omega-sport", the user manual. Retrieved from: http://www.dyn.ru
Saykina, E.G. & Ponomarev, G.N. (2012). Fitness technologies: concept, development and specific features. Fundamental Research, 11(4), 890-894 [in Russia].
Shi, B. (2021). Wearable exercise monitoring equipment for physical exercise teaching process based on wireless sensor. Microprocessors and Microsystems, 81, 103791. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpro.2020.103791
Shutova, T., Vysotskaya, T., Bochkareva, S. & Bodrov, I. (2020). Physical education of students with poor health. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(Proc2), 177-188. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2020.15.Proc2.08
Shutova, T.N., Kondrakov, G.B., Averyasova, Y.O. & Filimonova, Y.B. (2018). Student health management model: Group / individualized training modules. Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, (9), 30-32 [in Russia].
Shutova, T.N. (2017). Fitness technology models for academic physical education improvement using esteck system complex. Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, (9), 30-32 [in Russia].
Shutova T.N. & Andryushchenko L.B. (2017). Young people's motor activity encouraging fitness technologies based on global approach. Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, 2017-January(3), 54-56 [in Russia].
Shutova, T. N. & Sharafieva A. V. (2019). Aquafitness. Moscow: Plekhanov Russian University of Economics.
Shirokova, E. A. (2020). Features of the application of the method of "soft" fitness in the regulation of the quality of life of students of humanities. Doctor Thesis. Moscow.
Shirokova, E.A. & Makeeva, V.S. (2019). The impact of low-intensity work mode using complex Body and Mind technologies on the physical well-being of students. Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P.F. Lesgafta, 10 (176), 377-381 [in Russia].
Stepanov, M.Yu. (2009). Express assessment of the functional state of athletes. Tchaikovsky: Tchaikovsky State Institute of Physical Culture [in Russia].
Stoicheva, S. S. (2014). Functional training of students on BEST FIT in a pedagogical university as a tool for improving the functional capacity of the body. Achievements of university Science, 9, 61-65 [in Russia].
Zakariya, N.Z.E. & Rosli, M.M. (2021). Physical activity prediction using fitness data: Challenges and issues. Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, 10(1), 419-426. https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v10i1.2474
Zhong, F. (2021). Experiment of biological pulse sensor and its application in physical education. Microprocessors and Microsystems, 81, 103781. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpro.2020.103781
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.