Grit-passion and grit-perseverance in ultramarathon runners


  • Julie Marie Cousins Albion College, United States
  • Madeline J. Peterson Albion College, United States
  • Andrew N. Christopher Albion College, United States
  • Andrea P. Francis Albion College, United States
  • Heather H. Betz Albion College, United States



Endurance, Running, Sports performance


The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between ultramarathon running, grit-passion, and grit-perseverance. A total of 153 ultramarathon runners (age = 40.5 ± 9.0 years) answered demographic questions and completed a survey measuring subcomponents of grit via Google Forms. Grit was measured with the 12-item Grit Scale consisting of two subscales: consistency of interest (grit-passion) and perseverance of effort (grit-perseverance). The ultramarathon runners were recruited through emails from race directors, Facebook groups, and email invitations from the primary investigator. Statistical analyses were performed using Pearson product-moment correlations and a one-way ANOVA. Significance was set to p < .05. There was a positive correlation between number of years running and grit-passion (r = .17, p = .039). On average, participants had spent 14.4 ± 9.8 years running and had competed in ultramarathons for 4.3 ± 3.5 years. A positive correlation was found between the number of kilometres run per week and grit-passion (r = .22, p = .007). Participants, on average, ran 57.9 ± 21.4 kilometres per week. For grit-perseverance, there was a statistically significant difference between the short and medium distance groups of ultramarathon runners when compared to the group of runners completing timed ultramarathon races (p = .002). Failure to complete their last ultramarathon was not significantly associated with grit-passion (p = .37) or grit-perseverance (p = .92).


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Statistics RUA



How to Cite

Cousins, J. M., Peterson, M. J., Christopher, A. N., Francis, A. P., & Betz, H. H. (2021). Grit-passion and grit-perseverance in ultramarathon runners. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 16(4), 965–972.



Performance Analysis of Sport