Sports in life of students with disabilities: Individual trajectories of physical abilities development
Keywords:Students, Sports, Sports directions
The socio-economic transformations taking place in Russia have affected all segments of the population, including students with disabilities. Improving living conditions for the disabled, as one of the most vulnerable members of the population in social terms, is one of the priorities. One of the main ways to socialize students with disabilities in modern society is to involve them in sports activities. This article is devoted to identifying the features of sports’ influence on the social adaptation of students with disabilities. As a research method, authors used a questionnaire survey as a method of collecting primary information, which allowed them to identify the features of individual trajectories in sports for students with disabilities. The article describes the attitude of students with disabilities to individual sports trajectories. The methods of social adaptation of students with disabilities by involving them in sports are revealed. It is proved that the main tools for involving students with disabilities in sports are state programs and rehabilitation organizations. For the first time, it was determined that the majority of disabled students did not engage in sports for a long time. It is proved that the lack of involvement of students with disabilities in sports life is due, from their point of view to a number of reasons: their lack of awareness of existing sports organizations and sections; poor equipment of existing halls and their poor attendance by other people; underdevelopment of the system of sports institutions for the disabled. For the first time, it was revealed that the main idea in the issue of innovation in relation to the involvement of students with disabilities in sports life was the creation of sports clubs and sports events, as well as the active involvement of disabled people in sports activities. The problems of introducing individual trajectories for the development of physical abilities of students with disabilities are considered. It is shown that the main problem is the lack of funding for adaptive sports and events for students with disabilities.
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