The influence of 8 weeks of endurance training on blood lactate threshold for male handball players




Sport medicine, Lactate threshold (LT), Maximum lactate steady state (MLSS), Endurance training, Blood lactate (BL)


The blood lactate transfusion activity is characterized by triphasic nature. The required counterbalance between glycolysis and metabolism determines the flow of lactate into the muscles. Exercise (>80% of VO2max) has been observed to elevate the level of glycolysis and the gradual accretion of lactate to steadily higher levels, which consequently leads directly to fatigue. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of endurance training on the accumulation of lactate and whether it depends on the intensity of training or not. This study involved Sixteen participants, with mean age; 19.18 ± 1.0 years. Participants were asked to run at four various paces (9 km/h, 10.8 km/h, 12.6 km/h, and 14.4 km/h) for 60 minutes. After each exercise, blood lactate is immediately measured using Accusport and Polar devices. Statistically significant differences were seen in heart rate (HR), blood lactate (BL) and maximum lactate steady state (MLSS) after training (72.64 vs. 61.88), (158.22 vs 133.19), and (13.02 vs 8.41) > .01 respectively. Our results suggest that endurance training for 8 weeks can improve lactate threshold and blood lactate accumulation.


Download data is not yet available.


Bangsbo, J., Aagaard, T., Olsen, M., Kiens, B., Turcotte, L. P., & Richter, E. A. (1995). Lactate and H+ uptake in inactive muscles during intense exercise in man. The Journal of physiology, 488 ( Pt 1)(Pt 1), 219-229.

Bonen A. (2000). Lactate transporters (MCT proteins) in heart and skeletal muscles. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 32(4), 778-789.

Brooks G. A. (1991). Current concepts in lactate exchange. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 23(8), 895-906.

Brooks, G.A., Fahey, T.D. and White, T.P. (1996) Exercise physiology, human bioenergetics and its application. 2nd Edition, May Field Publishing Company, Mountain View.

Buchheit, M., Laursen, P. B., Kuhnle, J., Ruch, D., Renaud, C., & Ahmaidi, S. (2009). Game-based training in young elite handball players. International journal of sports medicine, 30(4), 251-258.

Cairns S. P. (2006). Lactic acid and exercise performance : culprit or friend?. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 36(4), 279-291.

Cairns, S. P., Knicker, A. J., Thompson, M. W., & Sjøgaard, G. (2005). Evaluation of models used to study neuromuscular fatigue. Exercise and sport sciences reviews, 33(1), 9-16.

Chelly, M.S., Hermassi, S., Aouadi, R., Khalifa, R., van den Tillaar, R., Chamari, K., & Shephard, R.J. (2011). Match Analysis of Elite Adolescent Team Handball Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25, 2410-2417.

Delamarche, P., Gratas, A., Beillot, J., Dassonville, J., Rochcongar, P., & Lessard, Y. (1987). Extent of lactic anaerobic metabolism in handballers. International journal of sports medicine, 8(1), 55-59.

Dienel G. A. (2012). Brain lactate metabolism: the discoveries and the controversies. Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 32(7), 1107-1138.

Faria, E. W., Parker, D. L., & Faria, I. E. (2005). The science of cycling: physiology and training - part 1. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 35(4), 285-312.

Ghosh A. K. (2004). Anaerobic threshold: its concept and role in endurance sport. The Malaysian journal of medical sciences : MJMS, 11(1), 24-36.

Goodwin, M. L., Harris, J. E., Hernández, A., & Gladden, L. B. (2007). Blood lactate measurements and analysis during exercise: a guide for clinicians. Journal of diabetes science and technology, 1(4), 558-569.

Hargreaves, M., & Spriet, L. L. (2020). Skeletal muscle energy metabolism during exercise. Nature metabolism, 2(9), 817-828.

Jakobsson, J., & Malm, C. (2019). Maximal Lactate Steady State and Lactate Thresholds in the Cross-Country Skiing Sub-Technique Double Poling. International journal of exercise science, 12(2), 57-68.

Joyner, M. J., & Coyle, E. F. (2008). Endurance exercise performance: the physiology of champions. The Journal of physiology, 586(1), 35-44.

Michalsik, Lars B., Patrick Fuchs, and Herbert Wagner. (2021). The Team Handball Game-Based Performance Test Is Better than the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test to Measure Match-Related Activities in Female Adult Top-Elite Field Team Handball Players. Applied Sciences 11, no. 14: 6551.

Peter J.(2001): Lactate threshold training, pub. Human kinetic. USA.

Ramadan, W.A., & Elsayed, A. (2022). Influence of plyometric jump training on the physiological changes of male handball players. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, in press.

Schwesig, R., Schulze, S., Reinhardt, L., Laudner, K. G., Delank, K. S., & Hermassi, S. (2019). Differences in Player Position Running Velocity at Lactate Thresholds Among Male Professional German Soccer Players. Frontiers in physiology, 10, 886.

Stöggl, T. L., & Björklund, G. (2017). High Intensity Interval Training Leads to Greater Improvements in Acute Heart Rate Recovery and Anaerobic Power as High Volume Low Intensity Training. Frontiers in physiology, 8, 562.

Wael, R.; Chrysovalantou, X.; Refaat, M.; Amr, S.; Sandra, A. B. (2021). Effect of wearing an alevation training mask on physiological adaptation. Journal of Physical Education & Sport, 21(3), 170, 1337-1345.

Wagner, H., Finkenzeller, T., Würth, S., & von Duvillard, S. P. (2014). Individual and team performance in team-handball: a review. Journal of sports science & medicine, 13(4), 808-816.

Wagner, H., Sperl, B., Bell, J. W., & von Duvillard, S. P. (2019). Testing Specific Physical Performance in Male Team Handball Players and the Relationship to General Tests in Team Sports. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 33(4), 1056-1064.

Wan, J. J., Qin, Z., Wang, P. Y., Sun, Y., & Liu, X. (2017). Muscle fatigue: general understanding and treatment. Experimental & molecular medicine, 49(10), e384.

Xu, F., & Rhodes, E. C. (1999). Oxygen uptake kinetics during exercise. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 27(5), 313-327.

The influence of 8 weeks of endurance training on blood lactate threshold for male handball players



Statistics RUA



How to Cite

Ramadan, W. A., & Mustafa, R. (2023). The influence of 8 weeks of endurance training on blood lactate threshold for male handball players. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, In press.



Sport Medicine, Nutrition & Health