The efficacy of the attack and block in game phases on male FIVB and CEV beach volleyball
Keywords:Team performance, Side out, Counter-Attack phase, World tour, Spike, Shot
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and differences of the attack, block, and reception in side out and counter-attack phases during beach volleyball games. A total of 80 games of FIVB World Tour and European Championships were analyzed. The technical skills analyzed were the type and efficacy of the attack, the type of block, and the efficacy of reception. The sample included 13.939 rallies, including attack (n=7.090), block (n=7.090), and serve reception (n=5.161). Descriptive statistics were applied in order to obtain frequencies and percentages. Inferential statistics were calculated (p<.05) through chi square tests. The results showed that the spikes were more frequent values than shots at both side out and counter-attack phases. Attack errors and kills were the more frequent values in both phases. Perfect receptions showed a kill percentage similar to situations when the reception was limited. It was concluded that players should make fewer errors when spiking, and coaches should pay more attention to fake blocks during both side out and counter-attack phases.
Anguera, M.T. (2003). Observational methods (general). En R. Fernández-Ballesteros (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Psychological Assessment, 2, 632-637. London. Sage.
Buscá, B., Moras, G., Peña, J. & Rodríguez-Jiménez, S. (2012). The influence of serve characteristics on performance in men's and women's high-standard beach volleyball. Journal of Sport Sciences, 30, 269-276. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.635309
Coleman, J.E. (1975). A statistical evaluation of selected volleyball techniques at the 1974 World's Volleyball Championships. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation) Brigham Young University.
Coleman, J.E., Neville, B. & Gordon, B. (1969). A statistical system for volleyball and its use in Chicago Women's Association. International Volleyball Review, 17, 72-73.
Costa, G.C., Afonso, J., Brant, E. & Mesquita, I. (2012). Differences in game patterns between male and female youth volleyball. Kinesiology, 1, 60-66.
Couvillon, A. (2002). Sands of time. The history of beach volleyball. VO:1. Hermosa Beach: Information Guides.
Couvillon, A. (2003). Sands of time. The history of beach volleyball. VO:2. Hermosa Beach: Information Guides.
Couvillon, A. (2004). Sands of time. The history of beach volleyball. VO:3. Hermosa Beach: Information Guides.
Díaz, J. (1992). Voleibol, La dirección de Equipo. (2º edición). Sevilla, Spain: Wanceulen.
Federation International de Volleyball (FIVB) (2001). Official Beach Volleyball Rules, 2001. Retreived March 11, 2003, from http://www.ficb.ch/EN/Beach Volleyball/Rules/BVB Rules 2001-Text.pdf.
Giatsis, G. (2003). The effect of changing the rules on score fluctuation and match duration in the FIVB women's beach volleyball, International Journal of Volleyball Research, 1, 57-64. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2003.11868275
Giatsis, G., & Papadopoulou, S. (2003). Effects of reduction in dimensions of the court on timing characteristics for men's beach volleyball matches. International Journal of Volleyball Research, 6, 6-9.
Giatsis, G., Papadopoulou, S., Dimitrov, P. & Likesas. G. (2003). Comparison of beach volleyball team performance parameters after a reduction in the court's dimensions. International Journal of Volleyball Research, 6, 2-5.
Giatsis, G., Tili, M. & Zetou, E. (2011). The height of the women's winners FIVB Beach volleyball in relation to specialization and court dimensions. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 6, 497-503. https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2011.63.03
Giatsis, G. & Tzetzis, G. (2003). Comparison of performance for winning and losing beach volleyball teams on different court dimensions. International Journal of Volleyball Research, 3, 65-74. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2003.11868276
Giatis, G. & Zahariadis, P. (2008). Stadistical analysis of men's FIVB beach volleyball team performance. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 8, 31-43. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2008.11868420
Grgantov, Z., Katic, R. & Marelic, N. (2005). Effect of new rules on the correlation between situation parameters and performance in beach volleyball. Collegium Antropologicum, 2, 717-722.
Häyrinen, M. & Tampouratzis, K. (2012). Technical and tactical game analysis of elite female beach volleyball. Jyväskylä, KIHU: Research Institute for Olympic Sports.
Homberg, S., & Papageorgiou, A. (1995). Handbook for beach volleyball. Aachen: Meyer & Mayer Verlag.
Kiraly, K. (1993). Take your shot. Volleyball Monthly, 12: 42-44.
Kiraly, K. & Shewman, B. (1999). Beach volleyball. Champaign IL: Human Kinetics.
Koch, C. & Tilp, M (2009a). Analysis of beach volleyball action sequences of female top athletes. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 4, 272-283. https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2009.43.09
Koch, C. & Tilp, M (2009b). Beach volleyball techniques and tactics: A comparison of male and female playnig characteristics. Kinesiology, 41, 52-59.
Lacerda, D. & Mesquita, I. (2003). Analysis of the offensive process on the side out in elite beach volleyball. Digital Journal.www.ef.deportes.com/Buenos Aires, 61, 9.
Laios, Y. (2008). Comparison of the basic characteristics of men's and women's beach volley from Athens 2004 Olympics. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 8, 130-137. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2008.11868454
Mesquita, I. & Teixeira, J. (2004a). Characteristics of the offensive process in male performance beach volleyball with the attack type, efficacy and game moment, Revista brasileira de Cienicas do Espote, 26, 33-49.
Mesquita, I. & Teixeira, J. (2004b). The Spike, Attack Zones and the Opposing Block in Elite Male Beach Volleyball. International Journal of Volleyball Research, 7, 57-62.
Mesquita, I., Moreno, M.P. & Teixeira, J. (2003). Relationship between attack efficacy and adaptation to opponent block in peak performance beach volleyball. Red: Revista de Entrenamiento Deportivo, 17, 15-22.
Michalopoulou M., Papadimitriou K., Lignos N., Taxildaris K., Antoniou P. (2005). Computer analysis of the technical and tactical effectiveness in Greek Beach Volleyball. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 5, 41-50. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2005.11868314
Monteiro, R., Mesquita, I. & Marcelino, R. (2009). Relationship between the set outcome and the dig and attack efficacy in elite male volleyball game. International Journal of Performance Analysis of Sport, 9, 294-305. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2009.11868486
Palao, J. M.; Manzanares, P. & Ortega, E. (2009). Tebevol, Manual del instrumento de observación de las técnicas y eficacia en vóley playa. Edición propia, Editorial digital Lulu.
Ronglan, L.T. & Grydeland, J. (2006). The effects of changing the rules and reducing the court dimension on the relative strengths between game actions in top international beach volleyball. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 6, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2006.11868351
Tili, M. & Giatsis, G. (2011). The height of the men's winners FIVB Beach volleyball in relation to specialization and court dimensions. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 6, 504-510. https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2011.63.04
Zhang, R. (2000). How to profit by the new rules. The Coach, 1, 9-11.
Zetou, E. & Tsigilis, N. (2007). Does esffectiveness of skill in comlex I predict win in men's olympic volleyball game? Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, 3, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.2202/1559-0410.1076
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.