Level of motivation and physical activity in primary education students


  • Myriam Alvariñas-Villaverde Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences, University of Vigo, Spain
  • Iago Portela-Pino Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences, University of Vigo, Spain
  • Jorge Soto-Carballo Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences, University of Vigo, Spain




Academic motivation, Health, Primary school, Physical Activity Index


The study is aimed at determining the relationship between the index of physical activity and the motivation toward school tasks of Primary Education students. To this end, a descriptive, quasi-experimental design was employed. The instruments used for the study included PAQ-C and the Questionnaire on students’ motivation toward their studies. Among the results, it should be noted that Primary Education students’ motivation toward their studies is high, although the level of physical activity is relatively low for this age group. The level of physical activity is higher in boys than girls. The level of motivation, as well as achievement motivation, and causal attributions of achievement are higher in girls, but self-efficacy is higher in boys. The higher the level of physical activity practice, the higher the level of motivation toward their studies, but also the higher the achievement motivation, causal attribution and self-efficacy. Children with greater obesity levels have less motivation. According to these results, it is important to design actions that encourage the regular practice of physical activity, especially among girls. This should be done in different contexts, beyond the subject of Physical Education and in different populations. Interventions should take into account family and environmental factors, or the local environment and its resources.


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How to Cite

Alvariñas-Villaverde, M., Portela-Pino, I., & Soto-Carballo, J. (2018). Level of motivation and physical activity in primary education students. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 13(2proc), S467-S476. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2018.13.Proc2.30

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