Effects of Shotokan Karate on resilience to bullying in adolescents





Martial arts, Anti-bullying, Social skills, Wellbeing, Externalizing behaviours


Bullying is characterized by power imbalances in relationships, which can lead to negative social consequences. Youth with higher levels of resilience are less likely to engage in aggressive behaviours or be victims of bullying. Karate, a martial art emphasizing respect, self-regulation and health promotion, may be an effective alternative to the anti-bullying failing approach of institutions. Therefore, the purpose of this randomized controlled study was to examine the effect of a 12-week karate based intervention on resilience. 50 students, aged 14-16 years, were randomly assigned to experimental group (n=25) that performed technical Shotokan karate practice, i.e. kihon, kata and kumite (60 min., once per week), or control group (n=25). At baseline and after intervention, the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28) assessed the individual capacities and resources, relationship with primary caregiver, contextual factors and total resilience. The intervention significant improved levels of the overall resilience and resilience sub-factors (p<0.05). The results suggest that psycho-social intervention based on Karate may improve the resilience and well-being of youth and make them less likely to engage in aggressive behaviour or be bullied. Thus, Karate should be considered an effective alternative to the anti-bullying failing approach of the institutions.


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How to Cite

Greco, G., Fischetti, F., Cataldi, S., & Latino, F. (2019). Effects of Shotokan Karate on resilience to bullying in adolescents. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(4proc), S896-S905. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc4.52

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