Pre-workout muscle vascularization and its effects on localized fat areas


  • Vincenzo Masullo University of Salerno, Italy
  • Francesco Fischetti University Aldo Moro of Bari, Italy
  • Giovanni Esposito University of Salerno, Italy
  • Francesca D'Elia University of Salerno, Italy



Muscle vascularization, Fat, Spot reduction, Blood flow


Over the years the problem of spot reduction has often been addressed. Many fats regions tend to resist weight loss compared to others that have a greater vascularization; scientific evidence shows that blood flow in adipose areas is not high enough to allow the release of all fatty acids into the circulation. The objective of this essay is to prove how an adequate pre-workout muscle vascularization can have positive effects on the reduction of adipose tissue in less vascularized areas both in terms of time and effectiveness. Ten subjects will be examined divided into two groups (control group and experimental group) for the duration of twelve weeks, the experimental group will perform a pre-vascularization of the muscle district closest to the area of the adipose tissue taken under consideration, the control group instead, will skip this pre-vascularization phase. The progress of the two groups will be monitored until the end of the period under examination through anthropometric and plicometric tests. The expected results should confirm that adequate vascularization before training of the experimental group led to a greater and anticipated reduction of localized adipose tissue compared to the subjects of the control group who did not perform this method.


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How to Cite

Masullo, V., Fischetti, F., Esposito, G., & D’Elia, F. (2021). Pre-workout muscle vascularization and its effects on localized fat areas. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 16(3proc), S1023-S1030.

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