The formative value of soccer rules



Football, Rules, Technique and tactics


The rules of the game of football and the technical and tactical methods applicable to them are indispensable for playing sports in a competitive way. The correct competition was born from the automatic mechanism of the sanction following the violation of a game rule, which is also favoured by the relational dynamics of the individual members of the group who claim the application of the rule to continue playing. The competition can also be self-regulated by the two groups that compete for the victory without even the decisive action of the referee, as always happens in training activities. This phenomenon is found only in those contexts where the rule is necessary and sufficient on its own to guarantee the orderly development of the activities. The aim of the study is to identify significant elements of the game rules and related technical and tactical behaviours in football and to identify an inventory of significant behaviours. The method is documentary archival research for the analysis of the rules of individual team sports, a subsequent comparative method between grids of indicators, descriptors and weights that classify rule, technique and tactics. The expected results will focus on the appropriate presence of significant elements and commonality or discordance. The data are useful for measuring the amount of significant behaviours for qualitative processing of the value of each of them compared to other current behaviours of quantitative performance and for establishing connections. Subsequently, requests for self-perception can be administered to practitioners (athletes and students) on the specific connections between the need for the rule and its application in order to play sportily at the highest levels with gratification and satisfaction. The results are useful for any reflection and attention to the reproducibility of the mechanism studied for other social activities through an educational and training action.


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How to Cite

Raiola, G., Esposito, G., & Sgrò, F. (2020). The formative value of soccer rules. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(3proc), S656-S663. Retrieved from

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