Neuromuscular adaptations to a motor skills training program for adults with intellectual disabilities


  • Vincenzo Latorella University of Salerno, Italy
  • Felice Di Domenico University of Salerno, Italy
  • Gaetano Altavilla University of Salerno, Italy


Performance, Stability training, Intellectual disability, Injury prevention


The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the relationship between an injury reduction program and the improvement of stability and muscle strength in adults with intellectual disabilities because, so far, the impact of strength training has been little studied in people with intellectual disabilities. Specifically, a sample of 16 people (aged between 20 and 40) divided randomly into 2 groups: A experimental with specific protocol and control B with traditional program. The training period lasted 3 months with 3 sessions per week. Tests were administered before the start of the program and after 3 months to assess stability and physical fitness. Physical fitness tests assessed the functional aspects of muscle strength and endurance, as well as flexibility. In order to identify the factors associated with the participation of physical activity among active subjects, staff and assisted placement organizations were asked to identify the people they believed to be physically active. The results indicated differences in performance between the two groups. Group A presented better strength in the lower limbs and increased mobility with the use of Pearson's correlation statistical tool and Student's t test. Therefore, the null hypothesis is confirmed.


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How to Cite

Latorella, V., Di Domenico, F., & Altavilla, G. (2020). Neuromuscular adaptations to a motor skills training program for adults with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(3proc), S676-S687. Retrieved from

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