The educational value of the rules in handball


  • Gaetano Raiola University of Salerno, Italy
  • Pietro Luigi Invernizzi University of Milan, Italy
  • Raffaele Scurati University of Milan, Italy
  • Simona Fattore University of Salerno, Italy


Game rules, Basic technical skills, Principles of individual tactics, Principles of collective tactics


The game rules of team sports and the technical and tactical methods applicable to them are indispensable for practicing competitive sports. The correct competition arose from the automatic mechanism of the sanction following the infringement of a game rule which is also aided by the relational dynamics of the individual members of the group who demand the application of the rule to continue playing. The competition can also be self-regulated by the two groups who compete for the victory without even the decisive action of the referee as always happens in training activities. This phenomenon is found only in those contexts where the rule is necessary and alone sufficient to ensure the orderly development of activities. The objective of the study is to identify the significant elements of the handball game rules, and the related technical and tactical behaviours, to identify an inventory of significant behaviours. The method is documentary archival research for the analysis of the game rules of the team sport in question, and a subsequent comparative method between grids of indicators, descriptors and weights that classify rule, technique and tactics. The expected results will focus on the appropriate presence of the significant elements and the commonality or discrepancy between team sports. The data is useful for measuring the quantity of significant behaviours in order to qualitatively elaborate the value of each of them with respect to the other current behaviours of quantitative performance and establish the connections.


Download data is not yet available.


Altavilla G. (2020). Energetic cost in the different running conditions in team sport for the educational teaching method. Sport Science, (14)1:17-20.

Altavilla, G., Raiola, G. (2017). Physiological effects of warm-up and problems related to team sports, Sport Science, 11(2): 83-88.

Buchheit, M., Laursen, P. B., Kuhnle, J., Ruch, D., Renaud, C., & Ahmaidi, S. (2009). Game-based training in young elite handball players. International journal of sports medicine, 30(04), 251-258.

Ceruso, R., Esposito, G., D'Elia, F. (2019). Analysis and evaluation of the qualitative aspects of the young players. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19 (5 S):1814-1819.

Debanne, T. (2014). Techniques used by coaches to influence referees in professional team handball. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 9(3), 433-446.

D'Elia, F., Sgrò, F., & D'Isanto, T. (2020). The educational value of the rules in volleyball. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(3proc): S628-S633.

D'Isanto, T., D'Elia, F., Raiola, G., Altavilla, G. (2019). Assessment of sport performance: Theoretical aspects and practical indications, Sport Mont, 17 (1), pp. 79-82.

Esposito, G., D'Elia, F., & Raiola, G. (2020). A Method to Promote the Development of Intelligence and Game Skills in Youth Football. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 20(3), 142-148.

Ferrara, F., Izzo, R., Ceciliani, A., Di Tore, A.P. (2019). Pilot study on the testing of Power Glove applied to volleyball. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(proc.2): S233-S238.

Fradet, L., Kulpa, R., Bideau, B., Multon, F., & Delamarche, P. (2003). Kinematic simulation of handball throwing. In Proceedings of European Simulation Multiconference (pp. 323-328).

Gao, B., & He, L. J. (2004). A Preliminary Research on the Dynamic Development of Techniques and Tactics of World Women's Handball [J]. Journal of Beijing Teachers College of Physical Education, 4.

Granero-Gallegos, A., Gómez-López, M., Rodríguez-Suárez, N., Abraldes, J. A., Alesi, M., & Bianco, A. (2017). Importance of the motivational climate in goal, enjoyment, and the causes of success in handball players. Frontiers in psychology, 8, 2081.

Gutierrez-Davila, M., Rojas, F. J., Ortega, M., Campos, J., & Parraga, J. (2011). Anticipatory strategies of team-handball goalkeepers. Journal of sports sciences, 29(12), 1321-1328.

Mehralitabar, H., Mirjalali, F., Minoei, A., & Fadaee, E. (2015). The impact of handball techniques on improving gross motor skills in educable mentally retarded children. International Journal of Sport Studies, 5, 1243-1248.

Pfeiffer, M., & Perl, J. (2006). Analysis of tactical structures in team handball by means of artificial neural networks. International Journal of Computer Science in Sport, 5(1), 4-14.

Prudente, J., Garganta, J., & Anguera, M. T. (2010). Methodological Approach to evaluate interactive behaviors in team games: An example in handball. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research (pp. 1-3).

Raiola, G., Esposito, G., & Sgrò, F. (2020). The formative value of soccer rules. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(3proc), S656-S663.

Raiola, G. (2015) Sport skills and mental health, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10 (Specialissue), pp. S369-S376.

Raiola, G. & D'Isanto T. (2016). Assessment of periodization training in soccer, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 11(1proc): 267-278.

Raiola, G. (2017) Motor learning and teaching method, Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17, art. no. 236, pp. 2239-2243.

Rogulj, N., Srhoj, V., & Srhoj, L. (2004). The contribution of collective attack tactics in differentiating handball score efficiency. Collegium antropologicum, 28(2), 739-746.

Rogulj, N., Vuleta, D., Milanovic, D., Cavala, M., & Foretic, N. (2011). The efficiency of elements of collective attack tactics in Handball. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 17(1), 5.

Rogulj, N., & Srhoj, V. (2009). The influence of the elements of the collective attack tactics on handball match outcome. Fizička kultura (Skopje), 37(1), 15-20.

Schrapf, N., & Tilp, M. (2013). Action sequence analysis in team handball. Journal of Human Sport & Exercise. 8(proc3).

Severino, N.C., Cassese, F.P., Ceciliani, A., D'Elia, F., Di Tore, A.P. (2019). Psychophysical benefits of recreational five-a-side football, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(proc.2): S206-S214.

Sgrò, F., Quinto, A., Platania, F., Lipoma, M. (2019). Assessing the impact of a physical education project based on games approach on the actual motor competence of primary school children. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19:781-786.

Sgrò, F., Quinto, A., Messana, L., Pignato, S., Lipoma, M. (2017). Assessment of gross motor development level in italian primary school children. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17(3): 1954-1959.

Šibila, M., Pori, P., & Bon, M. (2003). Basic kinematic differences between two types of jump shot techniques in handball. Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis Gymnica, 33(1), 19-26.

Sousa, A., Santiago, C., Reis, L. P., & Estriga, M. L. (2009). Automatic detection and tracking of handball players. Proceedings of the VipIMAGE, 213-219.

Skarbalius, A., Pukėnas, K., & Vidūnaitė, G. (2013). Sport performance profile in men's European modern handball: discriminant analysis between winners and losers. Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 3(90).

Tortella, P., Haga, M., Ingebrigtsen, J.E., Sigmundsson, H., Fumagalli, G.F. (2019). Comparing free play and partly structured play in 4-5 years old children in an outdoor playground. Frontiers in public health, 7, 197.

Wallace, M. B., & Cardinale, M. (1997). Conditioning for team handball. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 19(6), 7-12.

Wagner, H., Pfusterschmied, J., von Duvillard, S. P., & Müller, E. (2011). Performance and kinematics of various throwing techniques in team-handball. Journal of sports science & medicine, 10(1), 73.

Wagner, H., Pfusterschmied, J., Klous, M., von Duvillard, S. P., & Müller, E. (2012). Movement variability and skill level of various throwing techniques. Human movement science, 31(1), 78-90.

Zhao, H. Q., Sun, J., Hua, Y. M., & Jin, J. C. (2008). A Study of Data Mining Technology Applied on Technique and Tactic Analysis of Sport Competitions. Journal of Beijing Sport University, 5, 046.



How to Cite

Raiola, G., Invernizzi, P. L., Scurati, R., & Fattore, S. (2020). The educational value of the rules in handball. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15(4proc), S1214-S1223. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >>