Football the performance level of athletes with disabilities for the "fourth category" 7-a-side championship


  • Danilo D'Andrea University of Salerno, Italy
  • Raffaele Scurati University of Milan, Italy
  • Riccardo Izzo University Carlo Bo of Urbino, Italy
  • Pietro Luigi Invernizzi University of Milan, Italy
  • Tiziana D'Isanto University of Salerno, Italy


Disabled people football player, Performance level, Field test


The work presented is important because it allows us to demonstrate the actual benefits, in this case concerning the physical sphere, of motor and sports practice on athletes with various disabilities. The study was conducted on 10 athletes belonging to a football school, each of whom has various types of diagnosed disabilities such as down syndrome, autism spectrum disorder, intellectual-cognitive disability, or motor disability, characterized by low functionality. Considering the problem, which is to adapt the performance level of the athletes to the performance model required for the "Fourth Category" 7-a-side football championship for disabled people, obtained by comparing it with the same, however, referred to 11-a-side football, they underwent an 8-week mesocycle of training, with the administration of motor evaluation tests both at the beginning and at the end of this period. The test results will then be compared with the statistical t test technique for dependent samples. From this comparison, significant differences emerged about endurance and sprint tests, and insignificant differences for the standing long jump. The conclusion therefore leads us to state that, through training, it is possible to increase the parameters of the performance level of disabled athletes to make them conform to the performance model and physiological commitment that the Fourth Category Championship requires.


Download data is not yet available.


Altavilla, G. (2020) Energetic cost in the different running conditions in team sport for the educational teaching method, Sport Science, 14 (1), pp. 17-20.

Altavilla, G., Riela, L., Di Tore, A.P., Raiola, G. (2017) The physical effort required from professional football players in different playing positions. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17 (3), art. no. 200, pp. 2007-2012.

Cascone, C., De Cesare, G.R., D'Elia, F. (2020). Physical education teacher training for disability, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15, pp. S634-S644.

Ceruso, R., Esposito, G., D'elia, F. (2019) Coordination attached to the qualitative aspects of football, Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19, art. no. 260, pp. 1773-1776.

Di Domenico, F., D'isanto, T., Raiola, G. (2019) Role of speed and agility in the effectiveness of motor performance, Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19, art. no. 271, pp. 1836-1842.

Di Palma, D., Raiola, G., Tafuri, D. (2017) The strategic contribution of sport to the management of diversity, Sport Science, 10 (1), pp. 40-43.

Esposito, G., Raiola, G. (2020) Monitoring the performance and technique consolidation in youth football players, Trends in Sport Sciences, 27 (2), pp. 93-100.

Gaetano, R., Rago, V. (2014) Preliminary study on effects of hiit-high intensity intermittent training in youth soccer players, Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 14 (2), pp. 148-150.

Giovanni, E., Francesca, D., Gaetano, R. (2020) A method to promote the Development of intelligence and game skills in youth football, Teoria ta Metodika Fizicnogo Vihovanna, 20 (3), pp. 142-148.

Halouani, J., Chtourou, H., Dellal, A., Chaouachi, A., & Chamari, K. (2017). Soccer small-sided games in young players: rule modification to induce higher physiological responses. Biology of sport, 34(2),163.

Invernizzi, P. L., Signorini, G., Bosio, A., Raiola, G., & Scurati, R. (2020). Validity and Reliability of Self-Perception-Based Submaximal Fitness Tests in Young Adult Females: An Educational Perspective. Sustainability, 12(6), 2265.

Izzo, R., Rossini, U., Raiola, G., Cejudo Palomo, A., Hosseini Varde'I, C. (2020) Insurgence of fatigue and its implications in the selection and accuracy of passes in football. A case study, Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20 (4), art. no. 269, pp. 1996-2002.

Joo, C. H., Hwang-Bo, K., & Jee, H. (2016). Technical and physical activities of small-sided games in young Korean soccer players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 30(8), 2164-2173.

Kaczor, M., & Duda, H. (2017). The impact of the creative model in teaching football on professional knowledge and effectiveness of players aged 12 and 13. Journal of Kinesiology and Exercise Sciences, 80(27), 27-34.

Kilding, A. E., Tunstall, H., & Kuzmic, D. (2008). Suitability of FIFA's "The 11" training programme for young football players-impact on physical performance. Journal of sports science & medicine, 7(3), 320.

MacDougall, J.D., Wenger, H.A., & Green, H.J. (1991). Physiological testing of the high-performance athlete (2nd ed.). Campaign: Human Kinetics.

Martino, L., Fonzo, E., Cassese, F.P., D'Isanto, T. (2019). Principles of adaptation of the rules for disabled athletes for an inclusion sport, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14 (Proc2), pp. S215-S220.

Panfil, R., & Mazur, L. (2018). Operative game monitoring as a fundamental for a football players efficiency evaluation. Quality in Sport, 3(4), 69-83.

Partington, M., & Cushion, C. (2013). An investigation of the practice activities and coaching behaviors of professional top-level youth soccer coaches. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 23(3), 374-382.

Raiola, G., Altavilla, G. (2020) Testing motor skills, general and special coordinative, in young soccer, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15 (Proc2), pp. S206-S212.

Raiola, G., Esposito, G., Sgrò, F. (2020) The formative value of soccer rules,Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 15, pp. S656-S663.

Raiola, G., Tafuri, D. (2015) Pilot work on training for quantitative aspects of performance [Pilot studija treninga za kvantitativne aspekte učinka izvedbe], Sport Science, 8 (2), pp. 90-93.

Raiola, G., Tafuri, D. (2015) Assessment and periodization in amateur soccer team [Procjena i periodizacija u amaterskoj nogometnoj momčadi], Sport Science, 8, pp. 26-29.

Rizvandi, A., Taghipour Gharbi, M., Esmaeili, M., & Ashraf Ganjoee, F. (2019). The Evaluation of Performance Indicators of Coaches in Football Development. Journal of Humanities Insights, 3(04), 248-254.

Rosch, D., Hodgson, R., Peterson, L., Graf-Baumann, T., Junge, A., Chomiak, J., & Dvorak, J. (2000). Assessment and evaluation of football performance. The American journal of sports medicine, 28(5_suppl), 29-39.

Turs, D., Napolitano, S., Polidoro, L., Raiola, G. (2013) Video analysis as an instrument in juvenile soccer training, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 8 (3 Proc), pp. S688-S693.


Statistics RUA



How to Cite

D’Andrea, D., Scurati, R., Izzo, R., Invernizzi, P. L., & D’Isanto, T. (2021). Football the performance level of athletes with disabilities for the "fourth category" 7-a-side championship. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 16(2proc), S743-S751. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >>