Peculiarities of respiratory functions in qualified swimmers exposed to multidirectional physical loads
Keywords:Respiratory functions, Sprinter swimmers, Stayer swimmers, Direction of load
The peculiarities of the swimmers’ respiratory system response to a special physical load were studied. The swimmers of high sports qualification aged 16–18 years old, who specialize in swimming at distances of various lengths, underwent the examination. At the first stage, we used exercises aimed at enhancing the anaerobic work power in swimming. At the second stage, the parameters of the swimmers’ respiratory system response to the load in aerobic and anaerobic zone were studied. At the third stage of the study, the changes of the swimmers’ respiratory functions under physical loads at the level of MOC (maximum oxygen consumption) were researched. The investigation of respiratory system functions of stayer swimmers was conducted with the use of a Spirolab-3 spirometer (spirograph). We found that the recovery of qualified swimmers can be activated when aerobic and anaerobic mechanisms of energy metabolism are combined. The results of the study confirm that the swimmers’ respiratory functions influence the processes of recovery of their working capacity after being exposed to multidirectional physical loads. The sprinters’ anaerobic mechanisms of muscle function are better developed. The stayers’ aerobic mechanisms of energy metabolism function better. In order to activate the recovery of qualified swimmers, it is advisable to combine aerobic and anaerobic mechanisms of energy metabolism.
Amaro, N., Morouço, P., Marques, M., Fernandes, R., & Marinho, D. (2017). Biomechanical and bioenergetical evaluation of swimmers using fully-tethered swimming: A qualitative review. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 12(4), 1346-1360. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2017.124.20
Aspenes, S.T., & Karlsen, T. (2012). Exercise-Training Intervention Studies in Competitive Swimming. Sports Med., 42(6), pp.527-543. https://doi.org/10.2165/11630760-000000000-00000
Bakayev, V., & Bolotin, A. (2020). Differentiated Training Model for Marathon Runners on Building Tempo and Speed Endurance Based On the Types of Energy Metabolism. Sport Mont, 18(3), 31-34. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.201011
Bolotin, A., & Bakayev, V. (2020). Comparative Analysis of Peripheral Blood Circulation Parameters in Long-Distance Swimmers at Middle Altitude and Under the Conditions of a Hypoxic Gas Environment. Sport Mont, 18(2), 113-115. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.200603
Bolotin, A.E., Ponimasov, O.E. (2020). Female swimmers training level estimation on the basis of heart rate variability indices analysis. Proceedings of the First International Volga Region Conference on Economics, Humanities and Sports, 629-631. https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200114.145
Bolotin A., Bakayev V. (2017). The differences in response of the respiratory system of long and middle-distance runners and their influence on recovery rate. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17(4), pp.2443-2446. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2017.04272
Burton, D., Johns, D.P., Swanney, M. (2005). Spirometer users' and buyers guide. Australian Department of Health and Ageing, 30 p. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2048-7940.2005.tb00354.x
Costa, M.J., Bragada, J.A., Mejias, J.E., Louro, H., Marinho, D.A., Silva, A.J., and Barbosa, T.M. (2012). Tracking the performance, energetics and biomechanics of international versus national level swimmers during a competitive season. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112, 811-820. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-2037-6
Dalamitros, A.A., Manou, V., & Pelarigo, J.G. (2014). Laboratory-based tests for swimmers: methodology, reliability, considerations and relationship with front-crawl performance. J. Hum. Sport Exerc., 9(1), pp.172- 187. https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2014.91.17
Espinosa-Mendez, C. M., Renero-Carrillo, F. J., Martin-Rodriguez, S. S. L., & Flores-Chico, B. (2020). The Effect of Respiratory Muscle Training on the Maximum Oxygen Consumption and the Anaerobic Threshold. Sport Mont, 18(3), 57-60. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.201010
Ferreira, M.I., Barbosa, T.M., Costa, M.J., Neiva, H.P., Vilaça, J., & Marinho, D.A. (2016). Effects of swim training on energetic and performance in women masters' swimmers. J. Hum. Sport Exerc., 11(1), 99-106. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2016.111.08
Leko, G., Siljeg, K., & Greguranic, T. (2019). Effects of the basic period in swimming training with the age group. Sport Mont, 17(2), 99-102. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.190617
Miller, M.R. Hankinson, J. Brusasco, V (2005). Standardization of spirometry. European Respiratory Journal, (2), 319-338. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.05.00034805
Morales, E., & Arellano, R. (2019). Regression analysis model applied to age-group swimmers: 50m race component times analysis. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(2), 315-324. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.142.05
Sousa, A., Figueiredo, P., Zamparo, P., Vilas-Boas, J.P., & Fernandes, R.J. (2013). Anaerobic alactic energy assessment in middle distance swimming. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113(8), 2153-2158. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-013-2646-3
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Each author warrants that his or her submission to the Work is original and that he or she has full power to enter into this agreement. Neither this Work nor a similar work has been published elsewhere in any language nor shall be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by JHSE. Each author also accepts that the JHSE will not be held legally responsible for any claims of compensation.
Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Please include at the end of the acknowledgements a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the abovementioned requirements. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
This title is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
You are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.
Transfer of Copyright
In consideration of JHSE’s publication of the Work, the authors hereby transfer, assign, and otherwise convey all copyright ownership worldwide, in all languages, and in all forms of media now or hereafter known, including electronic media such as CD-ROM, Internet, and Intranet, to JHSE. If JHSE should decide for any reason not to publish an author’s submission to the Work, JHSE shall give prompt notice of its decision to the corresponding author, this agreement shall terminate, and neither the author nor JHSE shall be under any further liability or obligation.
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc.) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article, except as disclosed on a separate attachment. All funding sources supporting the Work and all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors are acknowledged in a footnote in the Work.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
Biomedical journals typically require authors and reviewers to declare if they have any competing interests with regard to their research.
JHSE require authors to agree to Copyright Notice as part of the submission process.