Description of injuries and associated factors of Colombians athletes with physical and sensory - visual disabilities


  • Javier Eduardo Mosquera Manrique 1. University Institution National Sports School 2. University El Bosque 3. Cali Sports Association, Colombia
  • Moises Arturo Cabrera Hernandez University Institution National Sports School, Colombia
  • Adriana Hernandez Mantilla COLDEPORTES, Colombia
  • Jimena Alexandra Sierra Cabrera Juan N Corpas University Foundation, Colombia
  • Sergio Andrés García-Corzo University Institution National Sports School, Colombia
  • Gustavo Adolfo Castro Vargas University El Bosque, Colombia
  • Luis Javier Tafur Tascón University Institution National Sports School, Colombia
  • Carmen Ximena Tejada Rojas University Institution National Sports School, Colombia



Injuries, Colombia, Disability, Athletes


Purpose: Describe injuries and factors that affect athletes with physical, and sensory-visual disabilities of the Bogotá team. Methods: 165 data from medical records of athletes with disabilities of Paralympic movement members of Bogotá team in the period between 2013 - 2015 (men 81%, women 18%, age 32.3±12.04) were chosen for this study. Results: The prevalence of injuries found in the Bogotá selection was 60% with a proportional incidence of 2.09 injuries / athlete. The most common lesion location was the upper extremities (46%). The most injured anatomical structure was muscle (31%). Athletics are the sport with higher prevalence of injuries. Of the 345 injuries, 90% were presented in the training of the athletes, with the gradual onset of the lesion being greater (56.5%). Main cause of the injuries are due to overuse mechanism (68.4%). Conclusions: Investigations like these, are the basis for very specific prevention programs for Paralympic athletes.


Institución Universitaria Escuela Nacional del Deporte, Universidad El Bosque, Asociación Deportivo Cali, COLDEPORTES, Fundación Univeritaria Juan N Corpas


Download data is not yet available.


Agudelo, L. H. L., & Seijas, V. (2012). La discapacidad en Colombia: una mirada global. Revista Colombiana de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, 22(2), 164-179.

Athanasopoulos, S., Mandalidis, D., Tsakoniti, A., Athanasopoulos, I., Strimpakos, N., Papadopoulos, E., ... & Kapreli, E. (2009). The 2004 Paralympic Games: physiotherapy services in the Paralympic Village polyclinic. Open Sports Med J, 3(1), 1-8.

Bailey, S. (2008). Athlete first: A history of the Paralympic movement. John Wiley & Sons.

Bernardi, M., Castellano, V., Ferrara, M. S., Sbriccoli, P., Sera, F, & Marchetti, M. (2003). Muscle pain in athletes with locomotor disability. Med Sci Sport Exer, 35(2), 199-206.

Clarsen, B., Myklebust, G., & Bahr, R. (2013). Development and validation of a new method for the registration of overuse injuries in sports injury epidemiology: the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) overuse injury questionnaire. Br J Sports Med, 47(8), 495-502.

Curtis, K. A., & Dillon, D. A. (1985). Survey of wheelchair athletic injuries: common patterns and prevention. Spinal Cord, 23(3), 170.

Derman, W., Schwellnus, M., Jordaan, E., Blauwet, C. A., Emery, C., Pit-Grosheide, P., ... & Webborn, N. (2013). Illness and injury in athletes during the competition period at the London 2012 Paralympic Games: development and implementation of a web-based surveillance system (WEB-IISS) for team medical staff. Br J Sports Med, 47(7), 420-425.

Engebretsen, L., Soligard, T., Steffen, K., Alonso, J. M., Aubry, M., Budgett, R., ... & Palmer-Green, D. (2013). Sports injuries and illnesses during the London Summer Olympic Games 2012. Br J Sports Med, 47(7), 407-414.

Fagher, K., & Lexell, J. (2014). Sports‐related injuries in athletes with disabilities. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 24(5), e320-e331.

Ferrara, M. S., Buckley, W. E., McCann, B. C., Limbird, T. J., Powell, J. W., & Robl, R. O. B. I. N. (1992). The injury experience of the competitive athlete with a disability: prevention implications. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 24(2), 184-188.

Ferrara, M. S., Palutsis, G. R., Snouse, S., & Davis, R. W. (2000). A longitudinal study of injuries to athletes with disabilities. Int J Sports Med, 21(03), 221-224.

Herman, D. C., Hess, J., Mistry, D. J., & De Luigi, A. J. (2015). The para-athlete. DeLee and Drez’s orthopaedic sports medicine principles and practice. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 356-64.

Junge, A., Engebretsen, L., Alonso, J. M., Renström, P., Mountjoy, M., Aubry, M., & Dvorak, J. (2008). Injury surveillance in multi-sport events: the International Olympic Committee approach. Br J Sports Med, 42(6), 413-421.

Klenck, C., & Gebke, K. (2007). Practical management: common medical problems in disabled athletes. Clin J Sport Med, 17(1), 55-60.

Levine, B. D., Baggish, A. L., Kovacs, R. J., Link, M. S., Maron, M. S., & Mitchell, J. H. (2015). Eligibility and disqualification recommendations for competitive athletes with cardiovascular abnormalities: task force 1: classification of sports: dynamic, static, and impact: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 66(21), 2350-2355.

Manonelles Marqueta, P., Arguisuelas Martinez, M., & Santiago Fernandez, R. (2005). Number of injuries in high athletics competition of Paralympics sportsmen. Arch Med Deporte, 22(109), 371-9.

Mueller-Wohlfahrt, H. W., Haensel, L., Mithoefer, K., Ekstrand, J., English, B., McNally, S., ... & Blottner, D. (2013). Terminology and classification of muscle injuries in sport: the Munich consensus statement. Br J Sports Med, 47(6), 342-350.

Patatoukas, D., Farmakides, A., Aggeli, V., Fotaki, S., Tsibidakis, H., Mavrogenis, A., ... & Papagelopoulos, P. (2011). Disability-related injuries in athletes with disabilities. Folia medica, 53(1), 40-46.

Paterno, M. V., Taylor-Haas, J. A., Myer, G. D., & Hewett, T. E. (2013). Prevention of overuse sports injuries in the young athlete. Orthop Clin N Am, 44(4), 553.

Silva, M. M. E., Bilzon, J., Duarte, E., Gorla, J., & Vital, R. (2013). Sport injuries in elite paralympic swimmers with visual impairment. Journal of athletic training, 48(4), 493-498.

Silva, M. M. E., Winckler, C., Silva, A. C. E., Bilzon, J., & Duarte, E. (2013). Sports injuries in Paralympic track and field athletes with visual impairment. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 45(5), 908-913.

Timpka, T., Alonso, J. M., Jacobsson, J., Junge, A., Branco, P., Clarsen, B., ... & Renström, P. (2014). Injury and illness definitions and data collection procedures for use in epidemiological studies in Athletics (track and field): consensus statement. Br J Sports Med, 48(7), 483-490.

Webborn, N., & Emery, C. (2014). Descriptive epidemiology of Paralympic sports injuries. PM&R, 6, S18-S22.

Willick, S. E., Cushman, D. M., Blauwet, C. A., Emery, C., Webborn, N., Derman, W., ... & Van de Vliet, P. (2016). The epidemiology of injuries in powerlifting at the London 2012 P aralympic Games: An analysis of 1411 athlete‐days. Scand J Med Sci Spor, 26(10), 1233-1238.

Willick, S. E., Webborn, N., Emery, C., Blauwet, C. A., Pit-Grosheide, P., Stomphorst, J., ... & Derman, W. (2013). The epidemiology of injuries at the London 2012 Paralympic Games. Br J Sports Med, 47(7), 426-432.


Statistics RUA



How to Cite

Mosquera Manrique, J. E., Cabrera Hernandez, M. A., Hernandez Mantilla, A., Sierra Cabrera, J. A., García-Corzo, S. A., Castro Vargas, G. A., Tafur Tascón, L. J., & Tejada Rojas, C. X. (2019). Description of injuries and associated factors of Colombians athletes with physical and sensory - visual disabilities. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(4proc), S1149-S1162.

Most read articles by the same author(s)