The role of the extra physical activity on memory storage and psychosocial features


  • Gabriele Russo University of Bologna, Italy
  • Federico Nigro University of Bologna, Italy
  • Gaetano Raiola University of Salerno, Italy
  • Andrea Ceciliani University of Bologna, Italy



Physical fitness, Self-esteem, Cognitive functions, Physical education


The present research investigated the role of the physical activity on cognitive functions and psychosocial characteristics. Pre-adolescent children of a middle School of Rimini participated to extra physical activities (EPA) organised by the school. They performed a Free Recall memory Test (Nielson, Radtke & Jensen, 1996) and filled the self-esteem questionnaire (Rosenberg, 1965) and their results were compared with a group of students that did not performed the activity proposed (non-EPA). Moreover, to control the level of physical activity of the sample, participants filled the International activity questionnaire. The results showed that the students who participated to the extra physical activities had high self-esteem compared to the non-EPA group, while no differences between the groups emerged from the Free Recall Memory test.


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How to Cite

Russo, G., Nigro, F., Raiola, G., & Ceciliani, A. (2019). The role of the extra physical activity on memory storage and psychosocial features. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(4proc), S948-S956.

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