Influence of self–regulation psychological and physical means on aged people´s functional state


  • Zhanneta Kozina Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Sergii Iermakov Belgorod National Research University, Belgorod, Russian Federation
  • Pavol Bartík Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
  • Tetiana Yermakova H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Jiři Michal Matej Bel University, Banská Bystrica, Slovakia



Age, Psycho-psychical means, Autogenous training, Health


Purpose: to form system of application of self-regulation psycho-physical means on mature and aged people. Material: experimental (n=28) and control (n=26) groups consisted of 55-60 years’ age man, who did not practice sports beforehand and who had low mobile way of life. All man had no pathology in their health. All they gave written consent for participation in the research. The complex of special exercises was practiced every day during 20 – 30 minutes. We regularly registered indicators of heart beats rate during autogenous trainings in first, second and third weeks of psycho-physical means’ application: autogenous trainings and exercises of special gymnastic. Results: we worked out a variant of autogenous training, which implies visualization of some objects. Such approach facilitates relaxation and creation of rejuvenation and health improvement image. We also developed special gymnastic on the base of Taoist health related physical exercises. Autogenous training, in combination with special exercises qigong cause changes, required for economic functioning of organism. Autogenous training greatly influence on heart beats rate. Change of this indicators is especially noticeable in first week of autogenous training‘s practicing. Combination of special qigong exercises and autogenous training renders positive influence on vegetative balance and orthostatic stability of elderly people. We worked out the structure of psycho-physical means for rising mature and older people’s functional state. Conclusions: the offered system slows down the temps of ageing and activates adaptation mechanisms. It permits to compensate negative changes in organism. We marked out three directions in physical culture of mature and aged people.


Download data is not yet available.


Allison, B. J., Kaandorp, J. J., Kane, A. D., Camm, E. J., Lusby, C., Cross, C. M., … Giussani, D. A. (2016). Divergence of mechanistic pathways mediating cardiovascular aging and developmental programming of cardiovascular disease. The FASEB Journal, 30(5), 1968–1975.

Anton, S. D., Woods, A. J., Ashizawa, T., Barb, D., Buford, T. W., Carter, C. S.,Pahor, M. (2015). Successful aging: Advancing the science of physical independence in older adults. Ageing Research Reviews, 24, 304–327.

Appignanesi, Lisa. (2005). Simone de Beauvoir, London: Haus.

Arziutov, G., Iermakov, S., Bartik, P., Nosko, M., & Cynarski, W. J. (2016). The use of didactic laws in the teaching of the physical elements involved in judo techniques. Ido Movement for Culture, 16(4), 21-30.

Baevskij, R.M. (1989). Ocenka i klassifikaciia urovnej zdorov'ia s tochki zreniia teorii adaptacii [Assessment and classification of health levels from adaptation theory position]. Vestnik AMN SSSR, 8, 73 - 78.

Bendikova, E., & Bartik, P. (2015). Selected determinants of seniors' lifestyle. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10(3), pp.805-814.

Bertoldo Benedetti, T., Schwingel, A., & de Lucena Torres, T. (2011). Physical activity acting as a resource for social support among older adults in Brazil. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 6(2), 452-461.

Bian, Chzhichzhun. (1989). Sekrety molodosti i dolgoletiia [Secrets of youthfulness and longevity], Moscow: The Young Guard.

Briskin, Y.A., & Odinets, T.Y. (2015). Purposefulness of early application of physical rehabilitation means for improvement of external respiration system functional state of women with post mastectomies syndrome. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 12, 30-34.

Carmona-Gutierrez, D., Hughes, A. L., Madeo, F., & Ruckenstuhl, C. (2016). The crucial impact of lysosomes in aging and longevity. Ageing Research Reviews.

Carol, M. Davis. (2004). Complementary Therapies in Rehabilitation: Evidence for efficacy in therapy, prevention and wellness. Thorofare, NJ: SLACK Incorporated.

D'Amico, V., Damiani, P., & Gómez Paloma, F. (2015). The emotional benefits of the motor activity in developmental age. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10(1proc), S455-S461.

Ekler, J., Nagyváradi, K., Kiss-Geosits, B., & Csányi, T. (2013). Moderate and vigorous physical activity in the 55+ teachers' daily routine. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 8(2proc), 204-210.

Fedyniak, N.V., & Mytskan, B.M. (2016). Anti-aging by means of physical education (on example of swimming).Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training And Sports, 20(6), 41-46.

Frolkis, V.V. (1984). Physiology of cell aging. Basel: S.Karger.

Furman, Y.M., & Salnikova, S.V. (2015). Improvement of aerobic energy supply processes in 37-49 yrs old women by means of complex aqua-fitness trainings' and methodic of endogenous - hypoxic breathing's application. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 7, 59-63.

Gajos, A., Kujawski, S., Gajos, M., Chatys, Ż., Bogacki, P., Ciesielska, N., & Żukow, W. (2014). Effect of physical activity on cognitive functions in elderly. Journal of Health Sciences, 4(8), 91-100.

Gliemann, L., Nyberg, M., & Hellsten, Y. (2016). Effects of exercise training and resveratrol on vascular health in aging. Free Radical Biology and Medicine.

Gueresi, P., Miglio, R., Monti, D., Mari, D., Sansoni, P., Caruso, C., Franceschi, C. (2013). Does the longevity of one or both parents influence the health status of their offspring? Experimental Gerontology, 48(4), 395–400.

Guo, Y., Shi, H., Yu, D., & Qiu, P. (2016). Health benefits of traditional Chinese sports and physical activity for older adults: A systematic review of evidence. Journal of Sport and Health Science.

Han, W.-J., & Shibusawa, T. (2015). Trajectory of physical health, cognitive status, and psychological well-being among Chinese elderly. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 60(1), 168–177.

Heidrich, S.M. (1999). Self-Discrepancy Across the Life Span. Journal of Adult Development, 6, 119.

Heidrich, S.M., & Ryff, C.D. (1995). Health, social comparisons, and psychological well-being: Their cross-time relationships. Journal of Adult Development, 2, 173-180.

Hollis-Sawyer, L., & Dykema-Engblade, A. (2016). Importance of Daily Physical Activity for Older Women. In Women and Positive Aging (pp. 121–139). Elsevier. Retrieved from Accessed 25 June 2016.

Homan, K.J. (2016). Self-Compassion and Psychological Well-Being in Older Adults. Journal of Adult Development, 23, 111-118.

Horie, S. (2011). The secret of Japanese longevity. Journal of Men's Health, 8(S1), S4–S8.

Ilnytska, G., Kozina, Z., Kabatska, O., Kostiukevych, V., Goncharenko, V., Bazilyuk, T., & Al-Rawashdeh, A. (2016). Impact of the combined use of health-improving fitness methods ("Pilates" and "Bodyflex") on the level of functional and psychophysiological capabilities of students. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 16(1), 234-240.

Ivashchenko, O., Khudolii, O., Iermakov, S., Lochbaum, M. R., Cieslicka, M., Zukow, W., . . . Yermakova, T. (2016). Intra-group factorial model as the basis of pedagogical control over motor and functional fitness dynamic of 14-16 years old girls. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 16(4), 1190-1201.

Kligler, B., & Lee, R. (2004). Integrative Medicine: Principles for Practice. Published by McGraw-Hill Professional.

Korobeinikov, H.V., & Kharkovliuk, N.V. (2000). The characteristics of autonomic regulation in persons with different levels of mental work capacity. [Osoblyvosti vehetatyvnoï rehuliatsiï u liudei z riznym rivnem rozumovoy pratsezdatnosti] Fiziolohichnyi Zhurnal (Kiev, Ukraine: 1994), 46(1), 82–88.

Korobeynikov, G. (2002). Human information processing in different age. Bratislavske Lekarske Listy, 103(7-8), 244–249.

Korobeynikov, G.V., & Fed'ko, G.P. (2003). Vozrastnye osobennosti psikhofiziologicheskikh mekhanizmov umstvennoj rabotosposobnosti [Age peculiarities of psycho-physiological mechanisms of mental workability]. Problemy stareniia i dolgoletiia, 12(3), 294-301.

Kourilova, P., Kalina, T., & Bernacikova, M. (2015). The evaluation of the differences in energy expenditure of adults walking. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10(1proc), S404-S409.

Kozina, Z., Sobko, I., Yermakova, T., Cieslicka, M., Zukow, W., Chia, M., . . . Korobeinik, V. (2016). Psycho-physiological characteristics of female basketball players with hearing problems as the basis for the technical tactic training methodic in world level teams. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 16(4), 1348-1359.

Kozina, Z.L., & Iermakov, S.S. (2015). Analysis of students' nervous system's typological properties, in aspect of response to extreme situation, with the help of multi-dimensional analysis. Physical Education of Students, 19(3), 10-19.

Kozina, Z.L., Iermakov, S.S., Kadutskaya, L.A., Sobyanin, F.I., Krzeminski, M., Sobko, I. N., & Ryepko O.A. (2016). Comparative characteristic of correlation between pulse subjective indicators of girl students' and school girls' reaction to physical load. Physical Education of Students, 20(4), 24-34.

Kuzmin, V.A., Kopylov, Yu.A., Kudryavtsev, M.D., Galimov, G.Y., & Iermakov, S.S. (2015). Substantiation of effectiveness of trainings on health related methodic for students with weakened motor fitness. Physical Education of Students, 19(6), 43-49.

Law, J., Richmond, R. L., & Kay-Lambkin, F. (2014). The contribution of personality to longevity: Findings from the Australian Centenarian Study. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 59(3), 528–535.

Mann, Thomas. (1937). Das Problem der Freiheit. Leipzig: Privatsammlung.

Mantak, Chia, & William, U. Wei. (2012). Cosmic Nutrition: The Taoist Approach to Health and Longevity.

Musick, M.A., Traphagan, J.W., Koeing, H.G. et al. (2000). Spirituality in Physical Health and Aging. Journal of Adult Development, 7: 73-80.

Ngowsiri, K., Tanmahasamut, P., & Sukonthasab, S. (2014). Rusie Dutton traditional Thai exercise promotes health related physical fitness and quality of life in menopausal women. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 20(3), 164–171.

Oleshko, V.G., & Korobeynikov, G.V. (2006). Funkcional'nyj vozrast i temp stareniia sportsmenov-veteranov [Functional age and ageing temps of sportsmen-veterans]. Problemy stareniia i dolgoletiia, 15(2), 112-118.

Pes, G. M., Tolu, F., Poulain, M., Errigo, A., Masala, S., Pietrobelli, A., … Maioli, M. (2013). Lifestyle and nutrition related to male longevity in Sardinia: An ecological study. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 23(3), 212–219.

Podrigalo, L., Iermakov, S., Rovnaya, O., Zukow, W., & Nosko, M. (2016). Peculiar features between the studied indicators of the dynamic and interconnections of mental workability of students. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 16(4), 1211-1216.

Pop, Cristiana. (2016). Physical and health education facing the technology challenge. Physical Education of Students, 20(2), 45-49.

Prushva, O.B. (2015). Season physical functioning dynamic of men with different physical condition. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 10, 56-61.

Pryshva, O.B. (2016). Peculiar features of men physical condition in planning highly intensive physical loads in winter period. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 20(2), 46-51.

Samaras, T. T. (2014). Longevity of Specific Populations☆. In Reference Module in Biomedical Sciences. Elsevier. Retrieved from Accessed 25 June 2016.

Schopenhauer. (1980). His Philosophical Achievement. Ed. by. M. Fox. Brigh-ton.

Shephard, R. J. (2014). Aging, Physical Activity, and Health☆. In: Reference Module in Biomedical Sciences. Elsevier. Retrieved from Accessed 25 June 2016.

Sinnott, J.D. (2001). "A Time for the Condor and the Eagle to Fly Together": Relations Between Spirit and Adult Development in Healing Techniques in Several Cultures. Journal of Adult Development, 8, 241.

Tangri, S.S., Thomas, V.G., Mednick, M.T. et al. (2003). Predictors of Satisfaction Among College-Educated African American Women in Midlife. Journal of Adult Development, 10, 113-120.

Tiffany, D.W., & Tiffany, P.G. (1996). Control across the life span: A model for understanding self-direction. Journal of Adult Development, 3, 93-98.

Venturelli, M., Schena, F., & Richardson, R. S. (2012). The role of exercise capacity in the health and longevity of centenarians. Maturitas, 73(2), 115–120.

Vojtenko, V.P., & Pisaruk, A.V. (1992). Sistemnye predposylki stareniia [System premises of aging]. Izvestiia Rossijskoj akademii nauk, 4, 629 – 631.

Shi, W. H., Zhang, H. Y., Zhang, J., Lyu, Y. Bin, Brasher, M. S., Yin, Z. X., … Shi, X. M. (2016). The Status and Associated Factors of Successful Aging among Older Adults Residing in Longevity Areas in China. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences : BES, 29(5), 347–355.

WMA Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. Retrieved from: (access 01.07.2016).

Zurita-Ortega, F., Fernández-García, R., Cepero, M., Zagalaz-Sánchez, M., Valverde-Cepeda, M., & Ramírez-Domínguez, P. (2009). The relationship between pain and physical activity in older adults that begin a program of physical activity. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 4(3), 284-297.


Statistics RUA



How to Cite

Kozina, Z., Iermakov, S., Bartík, P., Yermakova, T., & Michal, J. (2018). Influence of self–regulation psychological and physical means on aged people´s functional state. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 13(1), 99–115.



Sport Medicine, Nutrition & Health

Most read articles by the same author(s)