Reliability of aerobic and anaerobic field tests in in measuring athletes’ performances: A statistical approach on a cohort of 100 subjects


  • Pompilio Cusano Parthenope University, Italy
  • Antonio Ascione Parthenope University, Italy
  • Giuseppe Natale Mezzapesa International Center for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies CIHEAM-Bari, Italy



Agility tests, Athlete performances, Bosco’s test, Sprint test, Yo-yo test, Principal component analysis


To determine the statistical relationships among different consolidated performance tests (Yo-Yo, jump, sprint and agility), and the Powersprint™ device, an isotonic equipment, usually used to increase the muscular strength of athletes, used here as performance test. One hundred individuals were involved in the tests (16 females and 84 males). Ninety-five subjects were practicing different field sports, whereas 3 female and 2 male subjects were inactive. Gender, height and body mass were recorded. Participants completed the following tests: Squat Jump, Counter Movement Jump, 10 m sprint, 15 m sprint, Change of Direction, Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1 and PowerSprint 3.0™. Results of this experiment highlighted that PowerSprint 3.0™ is positively and significantly correlated with Squat Jump, Counter Movement Jump, 10 m sprint, 15 m sprint, Change of Direction, Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1. Additionally, the principal component analysis, as expected, was able to neatly differentiates between male, female and inactive subjects. The selected tests appeared particularly effective in giving information about athlete performances in soccer. Performances measured with the PowerSprint 3.0™ positively and significantly correlated with jumps, COD, sprint and YYIR1 tests. This is an indication of the possible use of this light, inexpensive and portable instrument for measuring athlete performances and checking the effectiveness of training programs.


Download data is not yet available.


Akubat I, Patel E, Barrett S, Abt G. Methods of monitoring the training and match load and their relationship to changes in fitness in professional youth soccer players. J Sports Sci 2012; 30:1473-1480.

Bakers D, Nance S. The relation between running speed and measures of strength and power in professional rugby league players. J Strength Cond Res 1999; 13:230-235.

Bangsbo J, Iaia FM, Krustrup P. The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test: A useful tool in evaluation of physical performance in intermittent sports. Sports Med 2008; 38:37-51.

Bangsbo J. The physiology of soccer with special reference to intense intermittent exercise. Acta Physiol Scand Suppl 1993; 151:1-156.

Bosco C, Luhtanen P, Komi PV. A simple method for measurement of mechanical power in jumping. Eur J Appl Physiol 1983; 50:273–282.

Brughelli M, Cronin J, Levin G, Chaouachi A. Understanding change of direction ability in sport. Sports Med 2008; 38:1045-1063.

Castagna C, Impellizzeri FM, Chamari K, Carlomagno D, Rampinini E. Aerobic fitness and Yo-Yo continuous and intermittent tests performances in soccer players: a correlation study. J Strength Cond Res 2006; 20:320-325.

Chaouachi A, Manzi V, Chaalali A, Wong DP, Chamari K, Castagna C. Determinants analysis of change-of-direction ability in elite soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 2012; 26:2667-2676.

Comfort P, Stewart A, Bloom L, Clarkson B. Relationships between strength, sprint, and jump performance in well-trained youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 2014; 28:173-177.

Cronin JB, Hansen KT. Strength and power predictors of sports speed. J Strength Cond Res 2005, 19:349.

Dal Monte F, Faina M. Valutazione dell'atleta. Analisi funzionale e biomeccanica della capacità di prestazione, Collana Scienze dello Sport, UTET, Torino, 1999: 24-32. ISBN-13:978-8802054711.

Darrall-Jones JD, Jones B, Roe G, Till K. Reliability and usefulness of linear sprint testing in adolescent rugby union and league players. J Strength Cond Res 2016; 30:1359-1364.

De Blas X, Padullés JM, López del Amo JL, Guerra-Balic M. Creation and Validation of Chronojump-Boscosystem: A Free Tool to Measure Vertical Jumps. Ricyde. Rev int cienc deporte 2012; 30: 334-356.

Gabbett TJ, Kelly JN, Sheppard JM. Speed, change of direction speed, and reactive agility of rugby league players. J Strength Cond Res 2008; 22:174-181.

Halson SL. Monitoring Training Load to Understand Fatigue in Athletes. Sports Med 2014; 44:139-147.

Hopkins WG, Schabort EJ, Hawley JA. Reliability of power in physical performance tests. Sports med 2001; 31:211-234.

Hopkins WG. How to Interpret Changes in an Athletic Performance Test. Sportscience 2004;8:1-7. ISSN: 0112-1642.

Kawamori N, Newton RU, Hori N, Nosaka K. Effects of weighted sled towing with heavy versus light load on sprint acceleration ability. J Strength Cond Res 2014; 28:2738-2745.

Krustrup P, Mohr M, Amstrup T, Rysgaard T, Johansen J, Steensberg A, Preben KP, Bangsbo J. The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test: physiological response, reliability, and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2003; 35:697-705.

Lockie RG, Schultz AB, Callaghan SJ, Jeffriess MD, Berry S P. Reliability and validity of a new test of change-of-direction speed for field-based sports: the change-of-direction and acceleration test (CODAT). J Sports Sci Med 2013; 12:88. ISSN:1303-2968.

Markovic G, Jukic I, Milanovic D, Metikos D. Effects of sprint and plyometric training on muscle function and athletic performance. J Strength Cond Res 2007; 21:543.

Pasquarelli BN, Santos AL, Frisselli A, Dourado AC, Stanganelli LCR. Relationship between the Bansgsbo Sprint Test with sprint, agility, lower limb power and aerobic capacity tests in soccer players. Rev Andal Med Deporte 2010; 3:87-91.

Salaj S, Markovic G. Specificity of jumping, sprinting, and quick change-of-direction motor abilities. J Strength Cond Res 2011; 25:1249-1255.

Sands WA, Mcneal JR, Ochi MT, Urbanek TL, Jemni M, Stone MH. Comparison of the Wingate and Bosco anaerobic tests. J Strength Cond Res 2004; 18:810-815.

Sheppard JM, Young WB. Agility literature review: classifications, training and testing. J Sports Sci 2006; 24:919-932.

Soslu R, Özkan A, Göktepe M. The relationship between anaerobic performances, muscle strength, hamstring/quadriceps ratio, agility, sprint ability and vertical jump in professional basketball players. Niğde University J Phy Edu Sport Sciences 2016; 10:165-173.

Spigolon LMP, Cavaglieri CR, Gomes AC, Pascoal EHF, Borges JH, Borin JP. Training program influences the relation between functional and neuromuscular performance indicators during the season in young soccer players. Rev. Bras Cienc Esporte 2017; 39:98-106.

Svensson M, Drust B. Testing soccer players. J Sports Sci 2005; 23:601-618.

Wisløff U, Castagna C, Helgerud J, Jones R, Hoff J. Strong correlation of maximal squat strength with sprint performance and vertical jump height in elite soccer players. Br J Sports Med 2004; 38:285-288.

Yanci J, Los Arcos A, Mendiguchia J, Brughelli M. Relationships between sprinting, agility, one-and two-leg vertical and horizontal jump in soccer players. Kinesiology 2014; 46:194-201. UDC: 796.322:796.015.68:796.012.412.


Statistics RUA



How to Cite

Cusano, P., Ascione, A., & Mezzapesa, G. N. (2019). Reliability of aerobic and anaerobic field tests in in measuring athletes’ performances: A statistical approach on a cohort of 100 subjects. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(3), 506–514.



Performance Analysis of Sport

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>