Self-physical and emotional perception in rhythmic gymnastics for drop out


  • Francesca D'Elia University of Salerno, Italy
  • Riccardo Izzo University of Urbino, Italy
  • Barbara Senatore University of Salerno, Italy



Self-perception, Motivation, Young athletes


In rhythmic gymnastics, very young athletes undertake a competitive activity and support workloads of four or five hours, almost unthinkable for such small girls, yet to achieve maximum results it is necessary to start at a young age and work hard. The purpose of the study is to study, in different groups of athletes (3-7 years, 8-12 years, 13-18 years) of rhythmic gymnastics, how they face emotionally and physically the physical and emotional workloads and especially if you find physical and mental well-being. The method of the study is qualitative/quantitative and the administration of 10 questions: 5 to identify the physical self-perception and 5 for the emotional one, is done anonymously. The data shows that the self-perception for physical performance is average (positive or negative and put the percentage) and the self-perception for motivation performance is average (positive or negative) and put the percentage. This data is significant for the perceptive state of the athletes to whom it is necessary to refer in order to realistically face the problem. Given the data and their significance, the study must be deepened with a more significant and detailed sample of data.


Download data is not yet available.


Altavilla, G., Furino, F., Di Palmo, M., Raiola, G. (2015a) The child hypokinetic and the overtrained, Sport Science, 8, pp. 72-74.

Altavilla, G., Furino, F., Marika, D.P., Raiola, G. (2015b) Physical skills, sport learning and socio-affective education, Sport Science, 8, pp. 44-46.

Barbara, S., Francesca, D. (2018) Rhythmic gymnastics and dyslexia: A two-year preliminary case study, Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18, art. no. 320, pp. 2122-2126.

D’Isanto, T. (2016) Pedagogical value of the body and physical activity in childhood, Sport Science, 9, pp. 13-18.

D'isanto, T. (2019) Physical and sport education between Italian academic system and European Research Council structure panel, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14, pp. S66-S76.

D'Isanto, T., D'Elia, F., Raiola, G., Altavilla, G. (2019)Assessment of sport performance: Theoretical aspects and practical indications, Sport Mont, 17 (1), pp. 79-82.

Invernizzi, P.L., Crotti, M., Bosio, A., Cavaggioni, L., Alberti, G., Scurati, R. (2019)Multi-teaching styles approach and active reflection: Effectiveness in improving fitness level, motor competence, enjoyment, amount of physical activity, and effects on the perception of physical education lessons in primary school children, Sustainability (Switzerland), 11 (2).

Raiola, G. (2015a) Inclusion in sport dance and self perception Sport Science, 8, pp. 99-102.

Raiola, G. (2015b) Sport skills and mental health, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10 (Specialissue), pp. S369-S376.

Senatore, B., Valentini, M., Federici, A., D'elia, F. (2019a)Pilot case study on rhythmic gymnastics and dyslexia, Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14 (Proc2), pp. S198-S205.

Valentini, M., Riccardi, F., Raiola, G., Federici, A. (2018) Educational research: Motor area and relational area during children’s personality development, Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18, art. no. 327, pp. 2157-2174.


Statistics RUA



How to Cite

D’Elia, F., Izzo, R., & Senatore, B. (2019). Self-physical and emotional perception in rhythmic gymnastics for drop out. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(4proc), S1071-S1079.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 > >>